Africans Worst Responders to Ebola 10/31 06:01
The head of Africa's continental body did not get to an Ebola-hit country
until last week -- months after alarm bells first rang and nearly 5,000 deaths
JOHANNESBURG (AP) -- The head of Africa's continental body did not get to an
Ebola-hit country until last week --- months after alarm bells first rang and
nearly 5,000 deaths later.
Pledges to deploy 2,000 African health workers have remained largely that
No African countries are on the United Nations list of contributors to fight
The E-word did not even figure on the agenda of a session on peace and
security at the Pan-African Parliament in South Africa last week --- more than
a month after the U.N. Security Council declared the Ebola outbreak a "threat
to international peace and security."
Angry legislators from Sierra Leone and Liberia got up to protest. "They
said as far as they are concerned, nobody wants to talk about Ebola," said
Jeggan Grey-Johnson, a governance expert who watched the session.
"They said countries like Liberia feel totally abandoned by the rest of
Africa and shut off from the rest of the continent," he told The Associated
With few exceptions, African governments and institutions are offering only
marginal support as the continent faces its most deadly threat in years, once
again depending on the international community to save them.
Ebola "caught us by surprise," the chairwoman of the 53-nation African
Union, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, said this week at a meeting with the U.N.
secretary-general and the World Bank president in Ethiopia.
"With the wisdom of hindsight, our responses at all levels - continental,
global and national - were slow, and often knee-jerk reactions that did not
always help," she said.
She is a medical doctor from South Africa, where mining magnate Patrice
Motsepe Tuesday announced he has donated $1 million to the fight against Ebola
in Guinea, where the outbreak started.
Motsepe's gift, the largest donation by far from any African individual,
came after the World Food Program lashed out at China's billionaires, saying
their contributions lagged behind their companies' huge economic interests in
the mineral-rich region. Motsepe's office said his company has no interests in
any of the countries where Ebola is raging out of control --- Guinea, Sierra
Leone and Liberia.
"Ebola is first and foremost our problem," the president of the African
Development Bank, Donald Kaberuka, told a business forum in Brussels this
month. "Before relying on international aid, we must first encourage Africans
to take action."
The African Development Bank is the second largest institutional contributor
to the U.N. fund to fight Ebola, second only to the World Bank, having given
$45.4 million and promised another $17.4 million.
By contrast, the African Union has made an "uncommitted pledge" of just
$700,000. Africa's equivalent of the Organization of America States, it is the
body many believe should have taken the lead from the start.
The WHO identified the first Ebola case in Guinea on March 21; on March 30
the virus crossed the border into Liberia; Sierra Leone reported its first two
cases on May 30. On June 20, with some 330 recorded deaths, Doctors Without
Borders warned that the outbreak was "totally out of control."
Yet it was only on Sept. 20 that the first team of 30 military and civilian
volunteers were deployed by a newly designated African Union Support to the
Ebola Outbreak in West Africa. Most costs for that mission are being paid by
the U.S. and other governments.
Jacob Enoh Eben, spokesman for the AU chairwoman, said more than 2,000
volunteers have been pledged to date: 1,000 from Congo, 600 from the East
African Community, 500 from Ethiopia and 506 from Nigeria.
But he said they still need to know "when the first of these pledges will
Those promised volunteers are only a tiny fraction of the number needed to
stem the outbreak. The European Union said this week it is looking to put
40,000 local and European workers into place in the affected countries.
Uganda and Congo, which both have experienced Ebola outbreaks in the past,
already have medical teams deployed in Liberia, under contract to WHO and not
funded by their governments.
It is difficult to say how many Africans are deployed on the front lines of
the Ebola battle.
In Uganda, Dr. Anthony Mbonye, the commissioner for community health
services at Uganda's Health Ministry, said he believes up to 40 Ugandan health
workers are on the ground but that most traveled privately. He said the
Ministry of Health had officially approved the deployment of about 10 doctors
to Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea.
South Africa has been the most responsive African country and has budgeted
$3.2 million, according to the Department of Health. That includes funding for
a mobile testing lab operating in Sierra Leone since August.
The continental body's lack of a robust response "showed the fragility of
our African Union, so heavily dependent on the international community to
rescue us from catastrophe," said Isata Kabia, a Sierra Leonean legislator at
the Pan-African Parliament.
"We cannot blame the WHO for their lack of knowledge; we can't blame the EU
for lack of interest," she told The Associated. "But I think the AU should not
only have led the response but also the requests to the international