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Philippine Troops Escape Syrian Rebels 08/31 11:44

   BEIRUT (AP) -- Under cover of darkness, 40 Filipino peacekeepers escaped 
their besieged outpost in the Golan Heights after a seven-hour gunbattle with 
Syrian rebels, Philippine officials said Sunday. Al-Qaida-linked insurgents 
still hold captive 44 Fijian troops.

   The getaway, combined with the departure of another entrapped group of 
Filipino troops, marked a major step forward in a crisis that erupted on 
Thursday when Syrian rebels began targeting the peacekeeping forces. The United 
Nations Security Council has condemned the assaults on the international troops 
monitoring the Syrian-Israeli frontier, and has demanded the unconditional 
release of those still in captivity.

   The crisis began after Syrian rebels overran the Quneitra crossing --- 
located on the de facto border between Syrian- and Israeli-controlled parts of 
the Golan Heights --- on Wednesday. A day later, insurgents from the 
al-Qaida-affiliated Nusra Front seized the Fijian peacekeepers and surrounded 
their Filipino colleagues, demanding they surrender.

   The Filipinos, occupying two U.N. encampments, refused and fought the rebels 
Saturday. The first group of 35 peacekeepers was then successfully escorted out 
of a U.N. encampment in Breiqa by Irish and Filipino forces on board armored 
vehicles.

   The remaining 40 peacekeepers were besieged at the second encampment, called 
Rwihana, by more than 100 gunmen who rammed the camp's gates with their trucks 
and fired mortar rounds. The Filipinos returned fire in self-defense, 
Philippine military officials said.

   At one point, Syrian government forces fired artillery rounds from a 
distance to prevent the Filipino peacekeepers from being overwhelmed, said Col. 
Roberto Ancan, a Philippine military official who helped monitor the tense 
standoff from the Philippine capital, Manila, and mobilize support for the 
besieged troops.

   "Although they were surrounded and outnumbered, they held their ground for 
seven hours," Philippine military chief Gen. Gregorio Pio Catapang said, adding 
that there were no Filipino casualties. "We commend our soldiers for exhibiting 
resolve even while under heavy fire."

   As night fell and a cease-fire took hold, the 40 Filipinos fled with their 
weapons, traveling across the chilly hills for nearly two hours before meeting 
up with other U.N. forces, who escorted them to safety early Sunday, Philippine 
officials said.

   "We may call it the greatest escape," Catapang told reporters in Manila.

   The Syrian and Israeli governments, along with the United States and Qatar, 
provided support, the Philippine military said without elaborating.

   In New York, the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, or UNDOF, 
whose mission is to monitor a 1974 disengagement in the Golan Heights between 
Israel and Syria, reported that shortly after midnight local time, during a 
cease-fire agreed with the armed elements, all 40 Filipino peacekeepers left 
their position and "arrived in a safe location one hour later."

   With the Filipinos now safe, full attention turned to the Fijians who remain 
in captivity.

   U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke with the Prime Minister of Fiji by 
telephone Sunday, and promised that the United Nations was "doing its utmost to 
obtain the unconditional and immediate release" of the Fijian peacekeepers, 
Ban's office said.

   The Fiji Times Online reported that Fiji's military commander expressed 
concern that the exact locations of the Fijian peacekeepers remain unconfirmed.

   Military Commander Brig. Gen. Mosese Tikoitoga also told reporters in the 
South Pacific island nation on Sunday that contacts on the ground in the Golan 
Heights have assured the military of the captured soldiers' well-being, the 
report said.

   He said a U.N. negotiation team and Fijians in Syria were working toward the 
peacekeepers' release.

   The Nusra Front, meanwhile, confirmed that it had seized the Fijians. In a 
statement posted online, the group published a photo showing what it said were 
the captured Fijians in their military uniforms along with 45 identification 
cards. The group said the men "are in a safe place and in good health, and 
everything they need in terms of food and medicine is given to them."

   It was unclear why the number of detained peacekeepers differed from the 44 
figure provided by the United Nations.

   The statement mentioned no demands or conditions for the peacekeepers' 
release.

   The Nusra Front accused the U.N. of doing nothing to help the Syrian people 
since the uprising against President Bashar Assad began in March 2011. It said 
the Fijians were seized in retaliation for the U.N.'s ignoring "the daily 
shedding of the Muslims' blood in Syria" and even colluding with Assad's army 
"to facilitate its movement to strike the vulnerable Muslims" through a buffer 
zone in the Golan Heights.

   The Nusra Front has recently seized hostages to exchange for prisoners 
detained in Syria and Lebanon.

   Charles Lister, a visiting fellow at the Brookings Doha Center, said the 
abductions also may signal an expansion of Nusra's kidnapping operations to 
make up for a loss revenues from oil resources in eastern Syria and a reduction 
in private funding from Gulf-based sources.

   "This money shortage comes amid a period of wider suffering for Nusra, as 
its image is being overwhelmingly trumped by the Islamic State, leading to 
sustained numbers of localized defections in areas of Syria," he said.

   The U.N. mission in the Golan Heights has 1,223 troops from six countries: 
Fiji, India, Ireland, Nepal, Netherlands and the Philippines. A number of 
countries have withdrawn their peacekeepers due to the escalating violence.

   Philippine officials said Filipino forces would remain in Golan until their 
mission ends in October and not withdraw prematurely.

   Both U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the Security Council strongly 
condemned Saturday's attack on the peacekeepers' positions and the ongoing 
detention of the Fijian peacekeepers.


(KA)


 
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