Agricultural Prices
Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released August 29, 2018, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

July Prices Received Index Decreased 3.8 Percent 

The July Prices Received Index (Agricultural Production), at 91.5, decreased 
3.8 percent from June 2018. At 86.8, the Crop Production Index decreased 
3.9 percent. The Livestock Production Index, at 95.4, decreased 3.1 percent. 
Producers received lower prices for milk, broilers, grapes, and cattle but 
higher prices for lemons, market eggs, strawberries, and onions. Compared 
with a year earlier, the Prices Received Index is down 4.3 percent. The Crop 
Production Index decreased 0.1 percent and the Livestock Production Index 
8.2 percent. In addition to prices, the indexes are influenced by the volume 
change of commodities producers market. Decreased monthly movement of milk, 
oranges, cattle, and broilers offset the increased marketing of grapes, 
wheat, hay, and cotton. The Food Commodities Index, at 94.9, decreased 
4.0 percent from the previous month and 6.0 percent from July 2017.

July Prices Paid Index Down 0.2 Percent 

The July Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, and 
Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 108.7, is down 0.2 percent from June 2018 but up 
2.1 percent from July 2017. Lower prices in July for feeder pigs, complete 
feeds, feed grains, and supplements more than offset higher prices for feeder 
cattle, self-propelled machinery, repairs, and other services.

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :    July     :    June     :    July     
                Index Group               :    2017     :    2018     :    2018     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     95.6          95.1          91.5    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    106.5         108.9         108.7    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       91            87            84    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers...................................................................................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons...............................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons..........................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2017 and 2018...............  5
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2017 and 2018...................  6
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.......................  7
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.....................  8
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2018 with Comparisons............  9
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2018 with Comparisons.................  9
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons......................... 10
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons...................... 10
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons....................... 11
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons...................... 11
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.............................. 11
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons......................... 14
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons........................ 12
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.................... 12
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons....................... 12
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons..................... 12
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.............................. 13
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.......................... 14
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons............................ 15
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.......................... 15
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons................ 15
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons......................... 15
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons...... 16
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons........ 16
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons....................... 17
Prices Received for Apples - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons............................ 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: July 2017....................... 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: June 2018....................... 19
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: July 2018....................... 20
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.......................... 21
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons......................... 21
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons..... 22
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.......................................... 23
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons (continued).............................. 24
Marketing Year for Specified Commodities..................................................................... 25
Wheat Marketing Year Average Prices Received by Class - United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 25
All Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 and 2017..... 26
Feed Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 and 2017.... 27
Malting Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 
   2016 and 2017............................................................................................. 27
Oats Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 and 2017........... 28
Peanut Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 and 2017......... 28
Winter Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 
   2016 and 2017............................................................................................. 29
Durum Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 
   2016 and 2017............................................................................................. 30
Other Spring Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 
   2016 and 2017............................................................................................. 30
All Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 and 2017...... 31
Rye Market Year Average Prices Received - State and United States: Marketing Years 2016 and 2017............. 31
Hay Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 and 2017............ 32
All Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018...... 33
Feed Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018..... 34
Malting Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 35
Oats Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017........................... 36
Oats Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018........................... 37
All Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017...................... 38
All Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018...................... 39
Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017................... 40
Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018................... 41
Other Spring Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 42
Durum Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 43
Hard Red Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 44
Soft Red Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 44
Hard Red Spring Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 44
White Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018................ 44
All Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017........................ 45
All Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018........................ 47
Alfalfa Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017.................... 49
Alfalfa Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018.................... 51
Other Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017...................... 53
Other Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018...................... 55
Peanut Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018.......... 57
All Barley Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 58
Oats Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018...... 59
All Wheat Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 60
All Hay Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 62
Peanut Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   and 2017-2018............................................................................................. 64
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates..................................................................... 65
Prices Paid by Farmers....................................................................................... 66
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.................... 67
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: July 2018 
   with Comparisons.......................................................................................... 68
Feed Price Ratios - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons................................................ 69
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons.............. 69
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons................................. 69
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates......................................................................... 70
Information Contacts......................................................................................... 71

July Prices Received by Farmers

The July Prices Received Index for agricultural production is 91.5 percent of 
its 2011 base, down 3.8 percent from the June 2018 index and 4.3 percent from 
the July 2017 index.

Crop production: The July index, at 86.8, 3.9 percent lower than June and 
slightly lower than July 2017. The Vegetable & Melon Index and Grain & 
Oilseed Index decreases more than offset the Other Crop Index increase.

Grain and oilseed: The July index, at 65.8, is down 2.9 percent from June 
but up 1.5 percent from July 2017. The Oilseed Index and Feed Grain Index 
decreases more than offset the higher Food Grain Index.

Feed grain: The July index, at 58.7, decreased 2.5 percent from last 
month and 0.5 percent from a year ago. The corn price, at $3.47 per 
bushel, is down 11 cents from last month and 2 cents from July 2017. At 
$6.79 per cwt, sorghum grain is 27 cents below June but 19 cents higher 
than July a year earlier.

Food grain: At 69.8, the index for July is down 4.1 percent from the 
previous month but up 6.7 percent from a year ago. The July price for 
all wheat, at $5.00 per bushel, is 17 cents lower than June but 
23 cents higher than July 2017.

Oilseed: At 73.4, the index for July decreased 4.4 percent from June 
and 2.7 percent from July 2017. The soybean price, at $9.10 per bushel, 
is 45 cents lower than June and 32 cents lower than July a year 
earlier.

Fruit and tree nut: The July index, at 131.8, is down 2.3 percent from 
June and 0.9 percent from a year earlier. Price decreases during July for 
grapes and oranges more than offset price increases for lemons and 
strawberries.

Vegetable and melon: At 88.3, the index for July decreased 11 percent from 
the previous month and 14 percent from July 2017. Price decreases for 
lettuce, cantaloupes, tomatoes, and broccoli during July more than offset 
price increases for onions and cauliflower. 

Livestock production: The index for July, at 95.4, is down 3.1 percent from 
the previous month and 8.2 percent from July a year earlier. Compared with a 
year ago, prices for cattle, milk, hogs, turkeys, and calves are lower. 
Prices for market eggs and broilers are higher than a year earlier.

Meat animal: At 94.5, the July index decreased 1.7 percent from the 
previous month and 9.1 percent from a year earlier. At $58.60 per cwt, the 
July hog price is 50 cents lower than June and $8.70 lower than a year 
earlier. The July beef cattle price of $110.00 per cwt is $2.00 lower than 
the previous month and $10.00 lower than July 2017.

Dairy: The index for July, at 76.6, is down 5.5 percent from the previous 
month and 11 percent from July a year ago. The July all milk price of 
$15.40 per cwt is 90 cents lower than June and $1.80 lower than July 2017. 

Poultry and egg: At 130.2, the July index decreased 5.0 percent from June 
but increased 12 percent from July 2017. The July market egg price, at 
89.4 cents per dozen, is 7.6 cents higher than June and 30.3 cents higher 
than July 2017. The July broiler price, at 67.0 cents per pound, is 
6.0 cents lower than June but 5.0 cents higher than a year ago. At 
51.9 cents per pound, the July turkey price is 1.1 cents higher than the 
previous month but 15.9 cents lower than July 2017.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :   July    :   June    :   July    
           Index Group          :   2017    :   2018    :   2018    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    95.6        95.1        91.5   
  Crop production ..............:    86.9        90.3        86.8   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    64.8        67.8        65.8   
      Feed grain ...............:    59.0        60.2        58.7   
      Food grain ...............:    65.4        72.8        69.8   
      Oilseed ..................:    75.4        76.8        73.4   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   133.0       134.9       131.8   
    Vegetable and melon ........:   103.0        99.4        88.3   
    Other crop .................:    84.2        90.0        91.2   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:   103.9        98.5        95.4   
    Meat animal ................:   104.0        96.1        94.5   
      Cattle ...................:   104.7        98.0        96.2   
      Hog ......................:   101.2        88.9        88.1   
    Dairy ......................:    85.6        81.1        76.6   
    Poultry and egg ............:   116.7       137.1       130.2   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:   101.0        98.9        94.9   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :   July    :   June    :   July    
           Index Group          :   2017    :   2018    :   2018    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    986         982         944    
  Crop production ..............:    758         787         757    
  Livestock production .........:   1206        1144        1108    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2017 and 2018
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent         percent         percent    
               :                                                               
January .......: 85.8    86.1    77.0    78.5     96.5   94.5     93.1   92.7  
February ......: 91.1    91.1    84.9    86.8     96.0   94.2     96.2   95.5  
March .........: 94.2    95.0    85.7    87.7    100.5   99.8     99.9   99.9  
April .........: 95.9    92.8    90.9    88.2     99.5   95.8    100.9   96.1  
May ...........: 98.1    95.0    86.2    89.7    106.8   98.3    103.8   98.5  
June ..........: 98.3    95.1    87.3    90.3    107.2   98.5    104.3   98.9  
July ..........: 95.6            87.0            103.9           101.0         
August ........: 94.2            89.0             98.5            99.1         
September .....: 92.5            90.0             94.8            97.4         
October .......: 87.8            82.7             94.3            93.6         
November ......: 91.5            81.9            101.8           100.7         
December ......: 92.0            84.4             99.6            99.3         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2017 and 2018
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 106.0   108.2   103.8   105.4   107.8   109.5   104.1   106.8 
February ......: 106.5   109.0   104.4   106.3   108.4   109.7   104.4   108.1 
March .........: 106.6   109.0   104.6   106.3   108.4   109.9   104.8   108.0 
April .........: 106.8   108.7   104.9   106.1   108.5   109.7   105.1   107.5 
May ...........: 106.8   109.1   104.9   106.7   108.2   110.1   105.4   108.0 
June ..........: 106.7   108.9   104.7   106.3   108.2   110.0   105.1   107.5 
July ..........: 106.5   108.7   104.5   106.1   107.9   110.1   105.0   107.2 
August ........: 105.7           103.4           107.6           103.8         
September .....: 106.1           103.8           107.8           104.4         
October .......: 106.8           104.6           108.0           105.6         
November ......: 107.1           105.0           108.3           105.9         
December ......: 107.4           105.4           108.5           106.2         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :  July 2017   :  June 2018   :  July 2018   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Austrian winter peas .........dollars/cwt:     19.50             (D)            (D)            (S)   
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79            4.54           4.61           4.52   
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59            3.04           3.77           3.41   
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83            4.78           4.88           4.79   
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60           30.30          23.40          25.40   
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10           17.80          17.20          17.10   
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70           30.00          28.20          37.40   
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20           34.70          37.80          41.30   
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40           28.80          19.90          31.50   
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02            3.49           3.58           3.47   
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880           0.730          0.735          0.741   
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00            (NA)           (NA)           (NA)   
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20            8.40           9.98           9.96   
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00          141.00         160.00         159.00   
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00          153.00         181.00         179.00   
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00          120.00         121.00         126.00   
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50           28.20          20.60          19.30   
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42            2.33           3.04           2.61   
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252           0.205          0.227          0.224   
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60            9.92          11.60          10.50   
                                          :                                                           
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70           10.80          13.30          13.70   
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30           10.00          12.30          12.30   
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40           13.70          16.50          17.00   
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70            6.60           7.06           6.79   
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50            9.42           9.55           9.10   
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00           17.90          17.70          17.40   
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44            4.77           5.17           5.00   
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93            4.56           5.05           4.92   
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22            6.30           6.33           5.79   
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33            6.08           5.66           5.41   
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07            4.46           5.12           4.90   
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77            4.85           4.80           4.85   
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38            6.16           5.71           5.43   
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58            4.77           4.89           5.30   
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47           14.10          14.41          13.98   
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30           41.85          29.14          40.34   
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16           20.33          23.05          18.90   
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh                        :                                                           
  Apples 1/ .................dollars/pound:     0.325           0.370          0.289          0.311   
  Grapes 1/ ...................dollars/ton:    628.00        1,590.00       2,550.00       1,600.00   
  Peaches 1/ ..................dollars/ton:    507.00        1,710.00       1,130.00       1,140.00   
  Pears 1/ ....................dollars/ton:    559.00          631.00         798.00         788.00   
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00           74.10          52.70          66.60   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                     
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, Michigan, New York (apples only),           
     Pennsylvania (apples only), and Washington (apples, peaches, and pears). Prices as sold for other
     states.                                                                                          

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
[Price data source for potato, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :  July 2017   :  June 2018   :  July 2018   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50            (S)         87.60             (S)   
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00            (D)           (S)             (S)   
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60          51.00         46.80           37.60   
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50          34.90         20.40           16.60   
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80          25.90         26.70           27.10   
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00          44.90         35.50           38.40   
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50          27.70         24.70           21.10   
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70          30.70         27.10           26.20   
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70          20.30         35.40           20.50   
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30          25.60         25.90           20.90   
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90          22.30         18.20           21.40   
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30          10.79         11.80           11.50   
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20          28.20         28.30           15.30   
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00         157.00        158.00          153.00   
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00         120.00        112.00          110.00   
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60          77.30         66.30           66.80   
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00         121.00        113.00          112.00   
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00       1,620.00          (NA)        1,320.00   
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50          67.30         59.10           58.60   
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80          67.40         59.80           59.20   
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90          64.80         42.00           43.60   
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10          17.20         16.30           15.40   
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71           3.70          3.73            3.71   
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459          0.620         0.730           0.670   
 Eggs, all 7/ ...............dollars/dozen:      0.969          0.823          1.03            1.10   
  Market 7/ 8/ ..............dollars/dozen:      0.796          0.591         0.818           0.894   
 Turkeys, live 9/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680          0.678         0.508           0.519   
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979          0.849          1.23            1.14   
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101             97            84              97   
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20          17.70         17.10           15.90   
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100             97            96              97   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                     
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Point of first sale.                                                                             
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Mid-month price.                                                                                 
8/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
9/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2018 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   4.82        4.01        4.65        3.66        3.40        3.29         8.71       9.71        9.30    
February ...:   4.61        4.16        4.92        3.58        3.44        3.38         8.51       9.86        9.49    
March ......:   4.40        4.37        5.10        3.56        3.49        3.51         8.56       9.69        9.81    
April ......:   4.46        4.16        5.28        3.56        3.43        3.58         9.01       9.33        9.83    
May ........:   4.45        4.05        5.39        3.68        3.45        3.67         9.76       9.29        9.84    
June .......:   4.20        4.37        5.17        3.82        3.43        3.58        10.20       9.10        9.55    
July .......:   3.75        4.77        5.00        3.60        3.49        3.47        10.20       9.42        9.10    
August .....:   3.68        4.84                    3.21        3.27                     9.93       9.24                
September ..:   3.48        4.65                    3.22        3.27                     9.41       9.35                
October ....:   3.68        4.64                    3.29        3.26                     9.30       9.18                
November ...:   3.88        4.72                    3.24        3.15                     9.47       9.22                
December ...:   3.90        4.50                    3.32        3.23                     9.64       9.30                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2018
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  130.00      117.00      120.00       43.60       48.10       52.50   
February .:  132.00      119.00      125.00       49.60       54.40       54.60   
March ....:  135.00      125.00      125.00       50.00       53.00       50.00   
April ....:  131.00      128.00      119.00       51.00       48.40       45.30   
May ......:  128.00      136.00      120.00       57.20       53.60       51.50   
June .....:  125.00      132.00      112.00       60.60       62.10       59.10   
July .....:  119.00      120.00      110.00       59.40       67.30       58.60   
August ...:  117.00      114.00                   52.60       61.50               
September :  108.00      105.00                   47.80       48.90               
October ..:  101.00      109.00                   41.70       47.30               
November .:  104.00      119.00                   39.00       50.00               
December .:  111.00      118.00                   43.10       48.60               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:        4.42                4.79                5.08       
California .........:        5.24                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.08                4.54                4.58       
Idaho ..............:        4.39                4.78                4.92       
Illinois ...........:        4.80                4.88                4.64       
Indiana ............:        5.01                4.83                4.83       
Kansas .............:        4.42                5.02                4.90       
Michigan ...........:        4.76                5.06                4.98       
Minnesota ..........:        6.31                5.85                5.29       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        4.54                4.80                4.72       
Montana ............:        5.00                5.74                5.67       
Nebraska ...........:        4.31                4.62                4.69       
North Carolina .....:        4.72                4.70                4.54       
North Dakota .......:        6.06                5.45                5.22       
Ohio ...............:        5.03                5.04                5.01       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.59                5.24                5.13       
Oregon .............:        5.20                5.66                5.71       
South Dakota .......:        5.43                5.79                5.32       
Texas ..............:        4.78                5.17                4.92       
Washington .........:        5.24                5.41                5.68       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.77                5.17                5.00       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:        4.42                4.79                5.08       
California .........:        5.09                6.27                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                4.54                4.58       
Idaho ..............:        4.11                4.63                4.83       
Illinois ...........:        4.80                4.88                4.64       
Indiana ............:        5.01                4.83                4.83       
Kansas .............:        4.42                5.02                4.90       
Michigan ...........:        4.76                5.06                4.98       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Missouri ...........:        4.54                4.80                4.72       
                    :                                                           
Montana ............:        4.41                5.37                5.37       
Nebraska ...........:        4.31                4.62                4.69       
North Carolina .....:        4.72                4.70                4.54       
North Dakota .......:        4.11                4.92                4.49       
Ohio ...............:        5.03                5.04                5.01       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.59                5.24                5.13       
Oregon .............:        4.81                5.63                5.70       
South Dakota .......:        5.19                5.49                5.26       
Texas ..............:        4.78                5.17                4.92       
Washington .........:        5.11                5.31                5.66       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.56                5.05                4.92       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:         (D)                6.03                5.29       
North Dakota .......:        6.13                5.50                5.07       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        6.30                6.33                5.79       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Colorado ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:        4.93                 (D)                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:        6.41                5.85                5.30       
Montana ............:        5.92                6.17                6.04       
North Dakota .......:        6.08                5.44                5.26       
Oregon .............:        6.65                5.85                5.78       
South Dakota .......:        6.55                6.01                5.49       
Washington .........:        5.97                5.90                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        6.08                5.66                5.41       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Iowa ...............:        2.52                2.67                2.37       
Michigan ...........:        3.35                3.27                3.29       
Minnesota ..........:        2.17                2.44                2.47       
Montana ............:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                3.65                2.57       
New York ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
North Dakota .......:        2.34                2.45                2.49       
Oregon .............:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:        2.58                4.07                3.59       
South Dakota .......:        2.28                2.57                2.40       
Texas ..............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        2.57                3.28                2.61       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        2.33                3.04                2.61       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.28                 (D)                4.08       
Idaho ..............:        5.16                5.03                5.07       
Minnesota ..........:        4.20                 (D)                4.09       
Montana ............:        4.48                3.94                3.59       
North Dakota .......:        4.34                4.43                4.20       
Washington .........:        2.56                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.54                4.62                4.52       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                4.56                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (D)                5.23       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                4.15       
Montana ............:        4.67                4.40                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        4.64                4.63                4.46       
Washington .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.78                4.88                4.79       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:        2.83                3.37                3.25       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (S)                3.26       
Montana ............:        2.29                3.11                3.51       
North Dakota .......:        2.90                3.23                3.30       
Washington .........:        2.56                2.98                3.15       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.04                3.78                3.41       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Kansas .............:        5.37                5.88                5.44       
Louisiana ..........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Missouri ...........:        6.29                6.29                5.59       
Nebraska ...........:        5.19                6.01                 (D)       
Oklahoma ...........:        6.13                5.83                5.19       
Texas ..............:        6.76                7.38                7.02       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        6.60                7.06                6.79       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :    July 2017     :    June 2018     :    July 2018     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Alabama 1/ .............:        (NA)               4.19               4.16      
Alaska 1/ ..............:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Arizona 1/ .............:        (NA)                (S)                (D)      
Arkansas 1/ ............:        (NA)               3.60               3.87      
California 1/ ..........:        (NA)                (D)                (S)      
Colorado ...............:        3.72               3.62               3.58      
Connecticut 1/ .........:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Delaware 1/ ............:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Florida 1/ .............:        (NA)                (D)                (D)      
Georgia 1/ .............:        (NA)                (D)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
Hawaii 1/ ..............:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Idaho 1/ ...............:        (NA)               4.44                (D)      
Illinois ...............:        3.57               3.65               3.48      
Indiana ................:        3.86               3.81               3.60      
Iowa ...................:        3.40               3.54               3.41      
Kansas .................:        3.39               3.60               3.55      
Kentucky ...............:        3.91               3.97               3.84      
Louisiana 1/ ...........:        (NA)                (D)               3.88      
Maine 1/ ...............:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Maryland 1/ ............:        (NA)               4.14               3.94      
                        :                                                        
Massachusetts 1/ .......:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Michigan ...............:        3.62               3.74               3.71      
Minnesota ..............:        3.30               3.43               3.32      
Mississippi 1/ .........:        (NA)               4.03                (D)      
Missouri ...............:        3.58               3.65               3.57      
Montana 1/ .............:        (NA)               3.81                (D)      
Nebraska ...............:        3.46               3.58               3.45      
Nevada 1/ ..............:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
New Hampshire 1/ .......:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
New Jersey 1/ ..........:        (NA)                (D)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
New Mexico 1/ ..........:        (NA)                (D)                (D)      
New York 1/ ............:        (NA)               4.16               4.52      
North Carolina .........:        4.45               4.50               4.41      
North Dakota ...........:        3.11               3.28               3.26      
Ohio ...................:        3.83               3.78               3.65      
Oklahoma 1/ ............:        (NA)               3.83                (D)      
Oregon 1/ ..............:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Pennsylvania ...........:        4.48               4.18               3.89      
Rhode Island 1/ ........:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
South Carolina 1/ ......:        (NA)                (D)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
South Dakota ...........:        3.22               3.38               3.27      
Tennessee ..............:        3.94               3.92               3.78      
Texas ..................:        3.91               4.24               4.02      
Utah 1/ ................:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Vermont 1/ .............:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
Virginia 1/ ............:        (NA)               4.56               4.37      
Washington 1/ ..........:        (NA)                (D)                (D)      
West Virginia 1/ .......:        (NA)                (D)                (D)      
Wisconsin ..............:        3.45               3.57               3.43      
Wyoming 1/ .............:        (NA)                (S)                (S)      
                        :                                                        
United States 2/ .......:        3.49               3.58               3.47      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(NA) Not available.                                                              
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    
1/   States added September 2017.                                                
2/   United States price includes Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas,     
     Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North    
     Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin.  

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                8.64                 (D)       
Illinois ...........:        9.70                9.79                9.44       
Indiana ............:        9.77               10.20                9.18       
Iowa ...............:        9.32                9.52                9.13       
Kansas .............:        9.04                9.64                8.84       
Kentucky ...........:        9.78               10.30                9.86       
Louisiana ..........:        9.83                 (D)                 (D)       
Michigan ...........:        9.61                9.84                9.56       
Minnesota ..........:        9.29                9.23                8.73       
Mississippi ........:        9.65                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        9.60                9.60                9.28       
Nebraska ...........:        9.19                9.55                9.25       
North Carolina .....:        9.64                9.45                8.88       
North Dakota .......:        8.74                8.98                8.45       
Ohio ...............:        9.62                9.67                9.35       
South Dakota .......:        9.05                9.21                8.86       
Tennessee ..........:        9.75                9.67                8.98       
Wisconsin ..........:        9.41                9.84                9.30       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        9.42                9.55                9.10       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (D)               24.60       
Idaho ..............:         (D)               25.00               26.00       
Michigan ...........:       34.20               32.00               32.00       
Minnesota ..........:       33.60               23.40               23.00       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       27.60               22.60               23.90       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       30.30               23.40               25.40       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
North Dakota .......:       18.30               18.10               17.60       
Oklahoma ...........:       13.50               12.50               11.40       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       17.80               17.20               17.10       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
North Dakota .......:       8.40                9.98                9.96        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       8.40                9.98                9.96        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:        0.238               0.219               0.198      
Arkansas ...........:        0.183               0.191               0.211      
Florida ............:        0.199               0.239               0.201      
Georgia ............:        0.191               0.221               0.219      
Mississippi ........:        0.196               0.203               0.181      
New Mexico .........:          (S)                 (S)                 (S)      
North Carolina .....:        0.209               0.238               0.245      
Oklahoma ...........:        0.257               0.244                 (S)      
South Carolina .....:        0.192               0.224               0.173      
Texas ..............:        0.225               0.247               0.258      
Virginia ...........:        0.206               0.242               0.240      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        0.205               0.227               0.224      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:       18.50               21.30               18.50       
North Dakota .......:       17.80               18.50               17.50       
South Dakota .......:       18.30               16.80               17.30       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       17.90               17.70               17.40       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
[Cottonseed marketing year August - February]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :             Cotton, Upland              :               Cottonseed                
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :    July     :    June     :    July     :    July     :    June     :    July     
                    :    2017     :    2018     :    2018     :    2017     :    2018     :    2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   -------- dollars per pound --------        -------- dollars per ton -------     
                    :                                                                                   
Alabama ............:       (D)           (D)           (D)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
Arizona ............:       (D)           (S)           (S)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
Arkansas ...........:       (D)           (D)           (D)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
California .........:       (D)           (S)           (S)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
Georgia ............:       (D)           (D)           (D)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
Louisiana ..........:       (D)           (D)           (D)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
Mississippi ........:       (D)           (D)           (D)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
North Carolina .....:       (D)           (D)           (D)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
Tennessee ..........:       (D)           (D)           (D)        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
Texas ..............:     0.638         0.731         0.687        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
                    :                                                                                   
United States ......:     0.730         0.735         0.741        (NA)          (NA)          (NA)     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                       
(NA) Not available.                                                                                     
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                           

Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item               :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   :                                                           
Cotton, Upland                     :                                                           
  Average price ......dollars/pound:       0.730               0.735               0.741       
  Marketings 1/ ........1,000 bales:         468                 293                 703       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, all                          :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       10.80               13.30               13.70       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:      14,096               9,403               9,362       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, long                         :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       10.00               12.30               12.30       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:      11,107               7,010               6,585       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, medium and short             :                                                           
California                         :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       14.50               17.90               18.30       
                                   :                                                           
Other States 3/                    :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       10.70               13.20               13.30       
                                   :                                                           
United States                      :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       13.70               16.50               17.00       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:       2,989               2,393               2,777       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Marketings based on a survey of cotton buyers in the major producing States - Alabama,      
   Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee,  
   and Texas.                                                                                  
2/ Purchases by private firms and rice (rough equivalent) shipped by cooperatives.             
3/ Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.                 

Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :            All hay             :          Alfalfa hay           :           Other hay            
         State        :--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :   July   :   June   :   July   :   July   :   June   :   July   :   July   :   June   :   July   
                      :   2017   :   2018   :   2018   :   2017   :   2018   :   2018   :   2017   :   2018   :   2018   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                                         dollars per ton                                          
                      :                                                                                                  
Alabama 1/ ...........:    (NA)        (S)     105.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Alaska 1/ ............:    (NA)     340.00     350.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)     340.00     350.00  
Arizona ..............:  171.00     220.00     220.00     170.00     220.00     220.00     180.00     200.00     200.00  
Arkansas 1/ ..........:    (NA)      98.00     106.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)      97.00        (S)  
California ...........:  160.00     187.00     187.00     165.00     200.00     200.00     145.00     145.00     145.00  
Colorado .............:  170.00     200.00     210.00     170.00     200.00     210.00     175.00     200.00     210.00  
Connecticut 1/ .......:    (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Delaware 1/ ..........:    (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Florida 1/ ...........:    (NA)     156.00     158.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Georgia 1/ ...........:    (NA)      95.00      93.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                                                  
Hawaii 1/ ............:    (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Idaho ................:  142.00     146.00     142.00     140.00     145.00     140.00     160.00     160.00     180.00  
Illinois .............:  122.00     142.00     141.00     150.00     160.00     165.00      85.00     100.00     105.00  
Indiana 1/ ...........:    (NA)     133.00     130.00       (NA)     170.00     165.00       (NA)     115.00     110.00  
Iowa .................:  100.00     116.00     103.00     110.00     119.00     106.00      86.00     105.00      97.00  
Kansas ...............:  101.00     150.00     161.00     116.00     166.00     170.00      78.00     103.00     103.00  
Kentucky .............:  123.00     153.00     161.00     200.00     215.00     220.00     100.00     135.00     140.00  
Louisiana 1/ .........:    (NA)      98.00      99.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)      98.00      99.00  
Maine 1/ .............:    (NA)     163.00        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Maryland 1/ ..........:    (NA)     152.00        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)     150.00        (S)  
                      :                                                                                                  
Massachusetts 1/ .....:    (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Michigan .............:  127.00     126.00     135.00     140.00     130.00     145.00     105.00     110.00     115.00  
Minnesota ............:   79.00     110.00      99.00      86.00     115.00     107.00      67.00      97.00      90.00  
Mississippi 1/ .......:    (NA)      90.00      95.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)      90.00      95.00  
Missouri .............:   94.00     110.00     112.00     150.00     165.00     160.00      85.00     100.00     105.00  
Montana ..............:  135.00     156.00     156.00     135.00     160.00     160.00     135.00     135.00     135.00  
Nebraska .............:   86.00     108.00      89.00      90.00     122.00      98.00      79.00      70.00      70.00  
Nevada ...............:  178.00     180.00     176.00     180.00     180.00     175.00     160.00     160.00     185.00  
New Hampshire 1/ .....:    (NA)     137.00        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
New Jersey 1/ ........:    (NA)     141.00     153.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                                                  
New Mexico ...........:  177.00     230.00     230.00     180.00     240.00     240.00     165.00     175.00     175.00  
New York .............:  175.00     108.00     137.00     206.00     133.00     160.00     167.00     102.00     130.00  
North Carolina 1/ ....:    (NA)     127.00     117.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
North Dakota .........:   99.00     111.00      90.00     107.00     113.00      96.00      84.00      71.00      67.00  
Ohio .................:  136.00     164.00     152.00     160.00     180.00     180.00     120.00     115.00     115.00  
Oklahoma .............:   89.00      95.00      98.00     129.00     185.00     174.00      85.00      85.00      91.00  
Oregon ...............:  180.00     190.00     195.00     180.00     200.00     200.00     180.00     180.00     190.00  
Pennsylvania .........:  165.00     142.00     148.00     190.00     155.00     169.00     155.00     139.00     143.00  
Rhode Island 1/ ......:    (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
South Carolina 1/ ....:    (NA)     147.00     131.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                                                  
South Dakota .........:  106.00     104.00      93.00     110.00     106.00      94.00      94.00      90.00      87.00  
Tennessee 1/ .........:    (NA)     122.00     122.00       (NA)     230.00        (S)       (NA)     120.00     120.00  
Texas ................:  129.00     146.00     142.00     194.00     218.00     194.00     111.00     120.00     119.00  
Utah .................:  125.00     160.00     160.00     125.00     160.00     160.00     110.00     125.00     125.00  
Vermont 1/ ...........:    (NA)     142.00        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)     131.00        (S)  
Virginia 1/ ..........:    (NA)     144.00     139.00       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)     130.00     125.00  
Washington ...........:  180.00     195.00     189.00     160.00     190.00     180.00     230.00     210.00     205.00  
West Virginia 1/ .....:    (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Wisconsin ............:   91.00     144.00     117.00     103.00     148.00     127.00      70.00     118.00      94.00  
Wyoming ..............:  128.00     159.00     163.00     130.00     165.00     170.00     120.00     140.00     140.00  
                      :                                                                                                  
United States 2/ .....:  141.00     160.00     159.00     153.00     181.00     179.00     120.00     121.00     126.00  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                      
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                            
1/   States added September 2017.                                                                                        
2/   United States price includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan,      
     Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon,         
     Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.                                        

Prices Received for Apples - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
[Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, Michigan, New York,
Pennsylvania, and Washington. Prices at point of first sale for other States]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     Apples, fresh use                     
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :     July 2017     :     June 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:          (S)                 (S)                 (S)      
Michigan ...........:          (S)               0.315                 (S)      
New York ...........:          (S)               0.356                 (S)      
Pennsylvania .......:          (S)               0.375                 (S)      
Virginia ...........:          (S)                 (S)                 (S)      
Washington .........:        0.367               0.283               0.308      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        0.370               0.289               0.311      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: July 2017
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)         16.89           (D)          (D)          14.10           (D)          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    White ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Red .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:      (D)         16.89           (D)          (D)          14.10           (D)          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  California ........................:    62.00         48.14         52.17          (D)          41.85         45.78          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    62.00         48.14         52.17          (D)          41.85         45.78          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    36.70         23.11         26.97          (D)          20.37         24.26          (D)     
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:    36.70         23.11         26.97          (D)          20.37         24.26          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas, all ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    36.70         23.09         26.93          (D)          20.33         24.21          (D)     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: June 2018
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)         17.27           (D)          (D)          14.41           (D)          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    White ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Red .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:      (D)         17.27           (D)          (D)          14.41           (D)          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  California ........................:    49.10         35.53         39.07          (D)          29.14         32.55          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    49.10         35.53         39.07          (D)          29.14         32.55          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    41.80         26.23         31.90          (D)          23.43         29.14          (D)     
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:    43.70         29.35         33.78          (D)          26.57         31.02          (D)     
    Valencia ........................:    39.60         23.12         29.68          (D)          20.30         26.92          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas, all ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    41.40         25.90         31.37          (D)          23.05         28.58          (D)     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: July 2018
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)         16.78           (D)          (D)          13.98           (D)          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    White ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Red .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:      (D)         16.78           (D)          (D)          13.98           (D)          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  California ........................:    60.70         46.75         50.67          (D)          40.34         44.15          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    60.70         46.75         50.67          (D)          40.34         44.15          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    39.40         21.85         29.48          (D)          19.03         26.72          (D)     
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:    39.40         21.85         29.48          (D)          19.03         26.72          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas, all ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    39.20         21.75         29.23          (D)          18.90         26.45          (D)     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
[Before deduction for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes
hauling subsidies]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :        July 2017        :        June 2018        :         July 2018         
        State       :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     Price     :Fat test :     Price     :Fat test :     Price     : Fat test  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :dollars per cwt  percent  dollars per cwt  percent  dollars per cwt   percent  
                    :                                                                               
Arizona ............:     17.20        3.58         16.00        3.60         15.40         3.60    
California .........:     16.46        3.70         15.63        3.74         15.05         3.70    
Colorado ...........:     17.70        3.53         16.80        3.58         16.00         3.57    
Florida ............:     22.00        3.66         20.40        3.61         20.10         3.65    
Idaho ..............:     16.50        3.73         15.70        3.82         14.90         3.79    
Illinois ...........:     17.60        3.70         16.30        3.74         15.30         3.73    
Indiana ............:     17.30        3.60         15.50        3.59         14.70         3.56    
Iowa ...............:     17.30        3.73         16.20        3.76         15.20         3.75    
Kansas .............:     16.40        3.62         15.40        3.69         14.60         3.70    
Michigan ...........:     16.00        3.59         14.80        3.52         14.20         3.50    
                    :                                                                               
Minnesota ..........:     16.90        3.74         16.20        3.80         15.20         3.79    
New Mexico .........:     15.90        3.51         15.00        3.56         14.10         3.56    
New York ...........:     18.00        3.72         16.90        3.74         16.10         3.70    
Ohio ...............:     18.00        3.71         16.10        3.64         15.50         3.61    
Oregon .............:     19.10        3.90         19.10        3.93         17.90         3.94    
Pennsylvania .......:     18.70        3.72         17.00        3.68         16.20         3.65    
South Dakota .......:     17.90        3.93         17.00        3.97         16.20         3.95    
Texas ..............:     18.00        3.92         17.20        3.91         16.10         3.91    
Utah ...............:     17.00        3.58         16.10        3.70         15.30         3.68    
Vermont ............:     18.60        3.74         17.40        3.79         16.50         3.73    
                    :                                                                               
Virginia ...........:     19.40        3.62         17.60        3.65         17.40         3.64    
Washington .........:     18.30        3.90         17.10        3.93         16.30         3.94    
Wisconsin ..........:     17.10        3.67         16.50        3.75         15.30         3.72    
                    :                                                                               
United States ......:     17.20        3.70         16.30        3.73         15.40         3.71    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
[Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Quarterly United States milk cow
prices are based on revised milk cow inventory]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2017     :    April 2018     :     July 2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per head                      
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:     1,700.00            1,550.00            1,450.00      
California .........:     1,600.00            1,300.00            1,300.00      
Colorado ...........:     1,850.00            1,550.00            1,450.00      
Florida ............:     1,640.00            1,450.00            1,430.00      
Idaho ..............:     1,700.00            1,500.00            1,500.00      
Illinois ...........:     1,600.00            1,320.00            1,250.00      
Indiana ............:     1,550.00            1,300.00            1,200.00      
Iowa ...............:     1,540.00            1,310.00            1,220.00      
Kansas .............:     1,700.00            1,550.00            1,450.00      
Michigan ...........:     1,600.00            1,300.00            1,300.00      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:     1,520.00            1,340.00            1,170.00      
New Mexico .........:     1,700.00            1,550.00            1,500.00      
New York ...........:     1,530.00            1,230.00            1,200.00      
Ohio ...............:     1,550.00            1,200.00            1,100.00      
Oregon .............:     1,650.00            1,600.00            1,450.00      
Pennsylvania .......:     1,510.00            1,250.00            1,250.00      
South Dakota .......:     1,650.00            1,430.00            1,300.00      
Texas ..............:     1,650.00            1,500.00            1,500.00      
Utah ...............:     1,700.00            1,500.00            1,400.00      
Vermont ............:     1,700.00            1,400.00            1,400.00      
                    :                                                           
Virginia ...........:     1,440.00            1,150.00            1,200.00      
Washington .........:     1,750.00            1,400.00            1,400.00      
Wisconsin ..........:     1,650.00            1,320.00            1,250.00      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:     1,620.00            1,360.00            1,320.00      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: July 2018
with Comparisons
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956.
See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity price
computations. Parity data not available for blank cells. Primary source of data for livestock and
milk prices is United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :        Parity price         :      Price as percent       
                              :Adjusted :         :                   :          of parity          
      Commodity and unit      :  base   :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :  price  :  July   :  June   :  July   :  July   :  June   :  July   
                              :         :  2017   :  2018   :  2018   :  2017   :  2018   :  2018   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :  ------------- dollars -------------      ------- percent ------    
                              :                                                                     
Basic commodities             :                                                                     
  All wheat ............bushel:  0.598     17.70     17.60     17.60      27        29        28    
  Rice ....................cwt:   1.36     39.40     40.00     40.00      27        33        34    
  Corn .................bushel:  0.450     13.00     13.20     13.20      27        27        26    
  Cotton                      :                                                                     
    Upland ..............pound:  0.068      1.91      2.00      2.00      38        37        37    
    American Pima .......pound:  0.136      3.85      4.00      4.00      36        36        36    
  Peanuts ...............pound:  0.023     0.666     0.677     0.677      31        34        33    
  Small chickpeas 1/ ......cwt:   2.41     66.90     71.00     70.90      43        28        44    
  Large chickpeas 1/ ......cwt:   3.28     93.50     96.60     96.50      37        39        43    
  Lentils 1/ ..............cwt:   2.65     73.60     78.00     78.00      38        26        25    
                              :                                                                     
Designated non-basic          :                                                                     
  All milk, to plants 2/ ..cwt:   1.77     52.10     52.10     52.10      34        33        31    
  Honey, extracted 3/ ...pound:  0.175      4.75      5.15      5.15      44        40        40    
                              :                                                                     
Wool and mohair               :                                                                     
  Wool ..................pound:  0.131      3.65      3.86      3.86      40        38        38    
  Mohair ................pound:  0.406     11.40     12.00     11.90      40        42        42    
                              :                                                                     
Other non-basic               :                                                                     
  Apples, fresh 4/ ......pound:  0.035     0.985     1.030     1.030      38        29        30    
  Barley ...............bushel:  0.506     14.40     14.90     14.90      32        31        30    
  Canola ..................cwt:   1.88     54.70     55.30     55.30      33        31        31    
  Cottonseed ..............ton:  20.20    591.00    595.00    594.00      34        26        26    
  Dry edible beans ........cwt:   3.26     93.50     96.00     95.90      32        24        26    
  Flaxseed .............bushel:   1.15     33.30     33.90     33.80      25        29        29    
  Oats .................bushel:  0.292      8.46      8.60      8.59      28        35        30    
  Potatoes, fresh .........cwt:   1.11     33.00     32.70     32.70      33        36        35    
  Sorghum grain ...........cwt:  0.760     22.20     22.40     22.40      30        32        30    
  Soybeans .............bushel:   1.11     31.60     32.70     32.70      30        29        28    
  Sunflower, all ..........cwt:   2.18     62.80     64.20     64.20      29        28        27    
                              :                                                                     
 Citrus (equivalent on-tree)  :                                                                     
  Grapefruit ..............box:  0.737     19.20     21.70     21.70      73        66        64    
  Lemons ..................box:   1.87     50.70     55.10     55.00      81        53        73    
  Oranges .................box:  0.909     25.40     26.80     26.80      80        86        71    
                              :                                                                     
 Livestock and poultry        :                                                                     
  Beef cattle .............cwt:  11.40    321.00    336.00    336.00      37        33        33    
  Broilers ..............pound:  0.051      1.45      1.50      1.50      43        49        45    
  Calves ..................cwt:  16.50    466.00    486.00    486.00      34        33        31    
  Eggs 2/ ...............dozen:  0.101      2.95      2.97      2.97      29        41        38    
  Hogs ....................cwt:   5.66    162.00    167.00    167.00      42        35        35    
  Turkeys, live .........pound:  0.066     1.880     1.940     1.940      36        26        27    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Parity prices began January 2015.                                                                
2/ Seasonally adjusted price as percentage of parity price.                                         
3/ Wholesale extracted. Adjusted base price derived from state annual averages prices weighted by   
   production. For 1982 through 1985 the national averages are the support prices.                  
4/ Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York, Oregon, and Washington. Price at  
   point of first sale for other states.                                                            

Commodity Parity Prices - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956.
See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity
price computations]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :             :              Parity price               
                                          :  Adjusted   :             :             :             
            Commodity and unit            :    base     :-----------------------------------------
                                          :    price    :    July     :    June     :    July     
                                          :             :    2017     :    2018     :    2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                        dollars                        
                                          :                                                       
Field crops and miscellaneous             :                                                       
  Hops ..............................pound:    0.394          10.60         11.60         11.60   
  Mustard seed ........................cwt:     3.32          95.00         97.70         97.70   
  Rapeseed ............................cwt:     2.72          77.90         80.10         80.00   
  Rye ..............................bushel:    0.629          18.30         18.50         18.50   
  Safflower ...........................cwt:     2.24          64.90         65.90         65.90   
  Spearmint oil .....................pound:     1.73          49.20         50.90         50.90   
  Sweet potatoes ......................cwt:     2.04          59.10         60.10         60.00   
                                          :                                                       
  Tobacco                                 :                                                       
    Flue-cured, 11-14 ...............pound:    0.184           5.24          5.42          5.42   
    Fire-cured, 21-23 ...............pound:    0.254           7.27          7.48          7.48   
    Burley, 31 ......................pound:    0.180           5.15          5.30          5.30   
    Maryland, 32 ....................pound:    0.171           4.92          5.03          5.03   
    Dark air-cured, 35-37 ...........pound:    0.228           6.54          6.71          6.71   
    Pennsylvania seedleaf, 41 .......pound:    0.196           5.47          5.77          5.77   
                                          :                                                       
Non-citrus fruit                          :                                                       
  Apples, processing 1/ 2/ ............ton:    20.20         568.00        595.00        594.00   
  Apricots                                :                                                       
    Fresh 3/ ..........................ton:   121.00       3,360.00      3,560.00      3,560.00   
    Dried (California) ................ton:   313.00       8,630.00      9,210.00      9,210.00   
  Avocados 2/ 3/ ......................ton:   200.00       5,300.00      5,890.00      5,890.00   
  Cherries                                :                                                       
    Sweet .............................ton:   215.00       6,170.00      6,330.00      6,330.00   
    Tart 2/ .........................pound:    0.032          0.927         0.942         0.942   
  Cranberry 2/ 4/ ..................barrel:     3.86         118.00        114.00        114.00   
  Dates (California) 3/ ...............ton:   159.00       4,170.00      4,680.00      4,680.00   
                                          :                                                       
  Grapes (California)                     :                                                       
    Raisin variety 5/ .................ton:   147.00       4,050.00      4,330.00      4,330.00   
    Wine, processing ..................ton:    71.90           (NA)      2,120.00      2,120.00   
  Kiwifruit 2/ ........................ton:   105.00       3,010.00      3,090.00      3,090.00   
  Nectarines, fresh (California) 3/ ...ton:    72.90       1,940.00      2,150.00      2,150.00   
  Olives, canning (California) 4/ .....ton:   106.00       2,870.00      3,120.00      3,120.00   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                       --continued

Commodity Parity Prices - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons (continued)
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of
the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and
1956. See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity
price computations]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :         :                Parity price                
                                         :Adjusted :              :              :              
            Commodity and unit           :  base   :--------------------------------------------
                                         :  price  :     July     :     June     :     July     
                                         :         :     2017     :     2018     :     2018     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :                       dollars                        
                                         :                                                      
Non-citrus fruit - continued             :                                                      
  Papayas (Hawaii) .................pound:  0.042          1.19           1.24           1.24   
  Peaches                                :                                                      
    Fresh 4/ 6/ ......................ton:  97.20      2,630.00       2,860.00       2,860.00   
    Dried (California) 1/ 5/ .........ton:  43.20      1,260.00       1,270.00       1,270.00   
    Processing, excludes dried           :                                                      
       Clingstone (California) 4/ ....ton:  37.80      1,050.00       1,110.00       1,110.00   
                                         :                                                      
  Pears, Fresh 6/ ....................ton:  63.50      1,750.00       1,870.00       1,870.00   
  Plums (California) equivalent on-tree  :                                                      
    Fresh 7/ .........................ton:  68.40      1,880.00       2,010.00       2,010.00   
  Prunes, dried (California) 1/ 2/ 5/ ton: 171.00      4,630.00       5,030.00       5,030.00   
  Strawberries                           :                                                      
    Fresh 10/ ......................pound:   9.61        254.00         283.00         283.00   
    Processing .....................pound:   3.62        102.00         107.00         107.00   
  Sugar crops                            :                                                      
    Sugar beets 2/ 8/ ................ton:   5.10        148.00         150.00         150.00   
    Sugarcane 2/ 8/ ..................ton:   3.47        100.00         102.00         102.00   
                                         :                                                      
Tree nuts 9/                             :                                                      
  Almonds ..........................pound:  0.242          6.83           7.12           7.12   
  Hazelnuts ..........................ton: 235.00      6,750.00       6,920.00       6,920.00   
  Pistachios .......................pound:  0.237          6.83           6.98           6.97   
  Walnuts ............................ton: 236.00      6,780.00       6,950.00       6,950.00   
                                         :                                                      
Vegetables, fresh 10/                    :                                                      
  Carrots 11/ ........................cwt:   2.78         79.10          81.80          81.80   
  Cauliflower 11/ ....................cwt:   4.59        130.00         135.00         135.00   
  Celery 11/ .........................cwt:   1.98         58.80          58.30          58.30   
  Honeydew melons ....................cwt:   2.02         55.60          59.50          59.40   
  Lettuce ............................cwt:   2.43         66.60          71.50          71.50   
  Onions 11/ .........................cwt:   1.41         39.70          41.50          41.50   
  Tomatoes ...........................cwt:   4.05        116.00         119.00         119.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
1/   Equivalent returns at processing plant door.                                               
2/   Adjusted base price is carried forward from the previous year since current marketing year 
     average price is not yet available.                                                        
3/   Equivalent returns at packinghouse door.                                                   
4/   Equivalent returns for bulk fruit at first delivery point.                                 
5/   Dried basis.                                                                               
6/   Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York (apples only), Oregon (except
     peaches), and Washington. Price at point of first sale for other states.                   
7/   Based on "as sold" prices for fresh fruit in all states.                                   
8/   Relates to prices including average conditional payments per ton made under the sugar acts 
     of 1937 and 1948. Crop deficiency and abandonment payments not included.                   
9/   Prices In-Shell basis except almonds which are shelled basis.                              
10/  FOB shipping point price.                                                                  
11/  Includes some processing.                                                                  

Marketing Year for Specified Commodities

Barley: June 1 to May 31 for United States; June 1 to May 31 for Arizona, 
California, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, 
Virginia; August 1 to July 31 for Alaska, Maine; July 1 to June 30 for all 
other states.

Hay: May 1 to April 30 for United States: April 1 to March 31 for Arizona and 
California; May 1 to April 30 for Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, 
Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New 
Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, 
Texas, Utah, and Virginia; June 1 to May 31 for all other States.

Oats: June 1 to May 31 for United States; May 1 to April 30 for Alabama, 
Georgia, and Texas; June 1 to May 31 for Arkansas, North Carolina, Oklahoma, 
South Carolina, and Virginia; August 1 to July 31 for Maine and New York; 
September 1 to August 31 for Alaska; July 1 to June 30 for all other States.

Peanuts: August 1 to July 31 for United States and all States.

Wheat: June 1 to May 31 for United States; May 1 to April 30 for Alabama, 
Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas; June 1 to May 31 for 
Arizona, Arkansas, California, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, 
Maryland, Missouri, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, 
Tennessee, and Virginia; July 1 to June 30 for all other States.

Wheat Marketing Year Average Prices Received by Class - United States:
Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                               Class                               
    Year    :-------------------------------------------------------------------
            :    Hard red    :    Soft red    :    Hard red    :                
            :     winter     :     winter     :     spring     :     White      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                        dollars per bushel                         
            :                                                                   
2016-2017 ..:      3.37             4.13             4.60             4.10      
2017-2018 ..:      4.18             4.65             5.83             4.60      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
Alaska .................................:         5.25                5.25      
Arizona ................................:         4.06                3.91      
California .............................:         4.30                4.82      
Colorado ...............................:         5.31                4.60      
Delaware ...............................:         2.64                2.90      
Idaho ..................................:         5.19                4.75      
Kansas 1/ ..............................:         (NA)                (NA)      
Maine 1/ ...............................:         (NA)                (NA)      
Maryland ...............................:         2.69                2.90      
Michigan ...............................:         (NA)                (NA)      
                                        :                                       
Minnesota ..............................:         4.18                4.33      
Montana ................................:         5.12                4.34      
New York 1/ ............................:         (NA)                (NA)      
North Carolina 1/ ......................:         (NA)                (NA)      
North Dakota ...........................:         4.47                4.31      
Oregon .................................:         2.66                2.99      
Pennsylvania ...........................:         2.85                3.10      
South Dakota 1/ ........................:         (NA)                (NA)      
Utah ...................................:         2.36                3.08      
Virginia ...............................:         2.80                2.60      
                                        :                                       
Washington .............................:         2.89                3.09      
Wisconsin 1/ ...........................:         (NA)                (NA)      
Wyoming ................................:         5.54                4.70      
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:         4.96                4.47      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2016.                                            

Feed Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
California .............................:         4.22                5.20      
Colorado ...............................:         2.76                2.94      
Idaho ..................................:         2.64                3.07      
Minnesota ..............................:         2.24                2.75      
Montana ................................:         2.49                2.60      
North Dakota ...........................:         2.62                2.95      
Oregon 1/ ..............................:         (NA)                (NA)      
Utah 1/ ................................:         (NA)                (NA)      
Washington .............................:         2.61                2.51      
Wyoming ................................:         2.28                2.23      
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:         2.73                2.97      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in July 2016.                               

Malting Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
California .............................:         (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...............................:        5.63                4.71       
Idaho ..................................:        5.44                4.92       
Minnesota ..............................:        4.40                4.37       
Montana ................................:        5.18                4.51       
North Dakota ...........................:        4.78                4.59       
Washington .............................:        4.08                3.79       
Wyoming ................................:        5.56                4.76       
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:        5.25                4.67       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Oats Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing
Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
Alabama ................................:       3.90                4.05        
Alaska .................................:       3.70                3.65        
Arkansas ...............................:       2.15                2.80        
California .............................:       3.80                2.90        
Colorado ...............................:       2.67                3.20        
Georgia ................................:       3.60                3.67        
Idaho ..................................:       2.55                2.73        
Illinois ...............................:       2.40                3.39        
Iowa ...................................:       2.52                2.54        
Kansas .................................:       1.77                2.93        
                                        :                                       
Maine ..................................:       2.30                2.80        
Michigan ...............................:       2.28                2.91        
Minnesota ..............................:       2.02                2.15        
Missouri ...............................:       2.30                3.25        
Montana ................................:       3.20                2.86        
Nebraska ...............................:       2.25                2.62        
New York ...............................:       2.17                2.20        
North Carolina .........................:       2.20                2.60        
North Dakota ...........................:       2.25                2.55        
Ohio ...................................:       3.04                3.51        
                                        :                                       
Oklahoma ...............................:       2.95                3.02        
Oregon .................................:       2.50                2.65        
Pennsylvania ...........................:       2.76                3.57        
South Carolina .........................:       3.10                3.64        
South Dakota ...........................:       1.97                2.45        
Texas ..................................:       4.03                4.28        
Washington .............................:       1.77                2.26        
Wisconsin ..............................:       1.86                2.78        
Wyoming ................................:       2.62                3.10        
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:       2.06                2.59        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Peanut Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :           dollars per pound           
                                        :                                       
Alabama ................................:       0.197               0.221       
Arkansas ...............................:       0.185               0.210       
Florida ................................:       0.193               0.229       
Georgia ................................:       0.186               0.221       
Mississippi ............................:       0.182               0.206       
New Mexico .............................:       0.200               0.289       
North Carolina .........................:       0.213               0.237       
Oklahoma ...............................:       0.211               0.250       
South Carolina .........................:       0.192               0.224       
Texas ..................................:       0.232               0.286       
Virginia ...............................:       0.204               0.239       
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:       0.197               0.229       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Monthly estimates began in August 2016.                                      

Winter Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
Alabama ................................:       4.45                4.60        
Arizona ................................:       5.15                4.60        
Arkansas ...............................:       4.66                4.46        
California .............................:       4.85                5.19        
Colorado ...............................:       3.08                3.88        
Delaware ...............................:       4.04                4.63        
Florida ................................:       3.90                4.00        
Georgia ................................:       4.05                4.10        
Idaho ..................................:       3.95                4.40        
Illinois ...............................:       4.09                4.59        
                                        :                                       
Indiana ................................:       4.04                4.78        
Iowa ...................................:       3.62                3.90        
Kansas .................................:       3.20                4.07        
Kentucky ...............................:       4.52                4.68        
Louisiana ..............................:       4.25                4.20        
Maryland ...............................:       4.04                4.63        
Michigan ...............................:       4.15                4.54        
Minnesota ..............................:       3.95                5.40        
Mississippi ............................:       4.47                4.30        
Missouri ...............................:       3.99                4.47        
                                        :                                       
Montana ................................:       3.88                4.76        
Nebraska ...............................:       3.14                4.03        
Nevada .................................:       3.94                4.60        
New Jersey .............................:       4.15                4.60        
New Mexico .............................:       3.30                4.20        
New York ...............................:       4.29                4.88        
North Carolina .........................:       4.61                4.70        
North Dakota ...........................:       3.41                4.14        
Ohio ...................................:       4.25                4.90        
Oklahoma ...............................:       3.44                3.98        
                                        :                                       
Oregon .................................:       4.44                5.02        
Pennsylvania ...........................:       4.64                5.21        
South Carolina .........................:       4.34                4.20        
South Dakota ...........................:       3.63                5.05        
Tennessee ..............................:       4.64                4.60        
Texas ..................................:       3.54                3.89        
Utah ...................................:       3.98                5.00        
Virginia ...............................:       4.75                4.60        
Washington .............................:       4.10                4.72        
West Virginia ..........................:       4.80                4.70        
Wisconsin ..............................:       3.51                4.15        
Wyoming ................................:       3.22                3.90        
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:       3.57                4.32        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Durum Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
Arizona ................................:       6.70                7.06        
California .............................:       5.96                6.54        
Idaho ..................................:       6.27                6.67        
Montana ................................:       5.93                6.32        
North Dakota ...........................:       5.66                6.00        
South Dakota ...........................:       5.73                6.03        
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:       6.01                6.35        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Other Spring Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and
United States: Marketing Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
Colorado ...............................:       3.30                3.87        
Idaho ..................................:       4.35                5.05        
Minnesota ..............................:       4.70                5.77        
Montana ................................:       4.76                6.21        
Nevada .................................:       4.30                5.05        
North Dakota ...........................:       4.57                5.72        
Oregon .................................:       5.08                5.94        
South Dakota ...........................:       4.73                6.15        
Utah ...................................:       5.50                7.00        
Washington .............................:       4.54                5.55        
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:       4.56                5.71        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
Alabama ................................:       4.45                4.60        
Arizona ................................:       6.70                7.06        
Arkansas ...............................:       4.66                4.46        
California .............................:       5.07                5.42        
Colorado ...............................:       3.08                3.88        
Delaware ...............................:       4.04                4.63        
Florida ................................:       3.90                4.00        
Georgia ................................:       4.05                4.10        
Idaho ..................................:       4.10                4.64        
Illinois ...............................:       4.09                4.59        
                                        :                                       
Indiana ................................:       4.04                4.78        
Iowa ...................................:       3.62                3.90        
Kansas .................................:       3.20                4.07        
Kentucky ...............................:       4.52                4.68        
Louisiana ..............................:       4.25                4.20        
Maryland ...............................:       4.04                4.63        
Michigan ...............................:       4.15                4.54        
Minnesota ..............................:       4.69                5.76        
Mississippi ............................:       4.47                4.30        
Missouri ...............................:       3.99                4.47        
                                        :                                       
Montana ................................:       4.43                5.34        
Nebraska ...............................:       3.14                4.03        
Nevada .................................:       4.05                4.70        
New Jersey .............................:       4.15                4.60        
New Mexico .............................:       3.30                4.20        
New York ...............................:       4.29                4.88        
North Carolina .........................:       4.61                4.70        
North Dakota ...........................:       4.68                5.74        
Ohio ...................................:       4.25                4.90        
Oklahoma ...............................:       3.44                3.98        
                                        :                                       
Oregon .................................:       4.53                5.16        
Pennsylvania ...........................:       4.64                5.21        
South Carolina .........................:       4.34                4.20        
South Dakota ...........................:       4.15                5.52        
Tennessee ..............................:       4.64                4.60        
Texas ..................................:       3.54                3.89        
Utah ...................................:       4.30                5.20        
Virginia ...............................:       4.75                4.60        
Washington .............................:       4.16                4.85        
West Virginia ..........................:       4.80                4.70        
Wisconsin ..............................:       3.51                4.15        
Wyoming ................................:       3.22                3.90        
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:       3.89                4.72        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rye Market Year Average Prices Received - State and United States: Marketing
Years 2016 and 2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :       2016        :       2017        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :          dollars per bushel           
                                        :                                       
Georgia ................................:       5.85                5.10        
Oklahoma ...............................:       7.00                5.05        
                                        :                                       
Other States 1/ ........................:       4.84                4.80        
                                        :                                       
United States ..........................:       5.12                4.50        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New    
   York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South      
   Dakota, Texas, and Wisconsin.                                                

Hay Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years
2016 and 2017
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                                  Hay                                  
                  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
       State      :        Alfalfa        :         Other         :          All          
                  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2016    :   2017    :   2016    :   2017    :   2016    :   2017    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                            dollars per ton                            
                  :                                                                       
Alabama ..........:     (NA)        (NA)     110.00       98.00      110.00       98.00   
Alaska ...........:     (NA)        (NA)     340.00      360.00      340.00      360.00   
Arizona ..........:   152.00      172.00     160.00      175.00      153.00      172.00   
Arkansas .........:   180.00      188.00     102.00       99.00      102.00      100.00   
California .......:   155.00      178.00     128.00      135.00      149.00      168.00   
Colorado .........:   151.00      171.00     160.00      180.00      151.00      172.00   
Connecticut ......:   158.00      194.00     161.00      153.00      160.00      171.00   
Delaware .........:   222.00      197.00     149.00      137.00      169.00      153.00   
Florida ..........:     (NA)        (NA)     160.00      157.00      160.00      157.00   
Georgia ..........:     (NA)        (NA)     100.00       98.00      100.00       98.00   
                  :                                                                       
Idaho ............:   129.00      136.00     146.00      159.00      131.00      138.00   
Illinois .........:   160.00      151.00      94.00       89.00      139.00      129.00   
Indiana ..........:   175.00      181.00     124.00      132.00      155.00      157.00   
Iowa .............:    93.00      117.00      78.00       97.00       89.00      111.00   
Kansas ...........:    95.00      128.00      74.00       80.00       90.50      111.00   
Kentucky .........:   221.00      208.00     109.00      109.00      133.00      131.00   
Louisiana ........:     (NA)        (NA)      97.00       95.00       97.00       95.00   
Maine ............:   185.00      194.00     130.00      133.00      135.00      151.00   
Maryland .........:   219.00      191.00     142.00      135.00      179.00      150.00   
Massachusetts ....:   196.00      197.00     178.00      124.00      185.00      159.00   
                  :                                                                       
Michigan .........:   143.00      156.00     111.00      123.00      133.00      145.00   
Minnesota ........:    81.00      113.00      53.00       78.00       74.00      103.00   
Mississippi ......:     (NA)        (NA)      77.00       90.00       77.00       90.00   
Missouri .........:   158.00      151.00      80.00       87.00       95.50       99.50   
Montana ..........:   134.00      142.00     126.00      136.00      132.00      141.00   
Nebraska .........:    80.00       97.00      70.00       77.00       77.00       91.00   
Nevada ...........:   152.00      176.00     135.00      153.00      151.00      174.00   
New Hampshire ....:   204.00      176.00     178.00      118.00      179.00      153.00   
New Jersey .......:   231.00      156.00     160.00      125.00      191.00      127.00   
New Mexico .......:   165.00      180.00     139.00      162.00      162.00      178.00   
                  :                                                                       
New York .........:   209.00      216.00     182.00      138.00      185.00      148.00   
North Carolina ...:   215.00      210.00     115.00      116.00      116.00      117.00   
North Dakota .....:    81.00      105.00      63.00       77.00       77.50       99.50   
Ohio .............:   172.00      175.00     110.00      115.00      137.00      138.00   
Oklahoma .........:   146.00      131.00      78.00       80.00       86.00       86.00   
Oregon ...........:   164.00      173.00     163.00      165.00      164.00      170.00   
Pennsylvania .....:   183.00      177.00     176.00      160.00      178.00      164.00   
Rhode Island .....:   170.00      150.00     161.00      135.00      163.00      143.00   
South Carolina ...:     (NA)        (NA)     106.00      141.00      106.00      141.00   
South Dakota .....:    89.00      115.00      77.00       93.00       86.00      108.00   
                  :                                                                       
Tennessee ........:   225.00      213.00     110.00      115.00      112.00      116.00   
Texas ............:   176.00      181.00      98.00      105.00      112.00      116.00   
Utah .............:   127.00      134.00     104.00      116.00      127.00      134.00   
Vermont ..........:   180.00      216.00     120.00      118.00      132.00      137.00   
Virginia .........:   205.00      210.00     135.00      121.00      140.00      127.00   
Washington .......:   135.00      157.00     160.00      209.00      142.00      172.00   
West Virginia ....:   195.00      189.00     115.00      116.00      119.00      120.00   
Wisconsin ........:    91.00      121.00      57.00       83.00       85.00      111.00   
Wyoming ..........:   122.00      143.00     106.00      130.00      119.00      140.00   
                  :                                                                       
United States 1/ .:   136.00      154.00     118.00      120.00      129.00      142.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                       
1/   United States price includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa,   
     Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New      
     Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota,  
     Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.                                     

All Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017
and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; June-May for California; July-June for all other
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2016-2017                                     
                :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:     4.89        4.17        4.11         (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)  
Colorado .......:     6.24         (D)        5.45        4.67        5.26        5.56         (D)  
Idaho ..........:      (D)         (D)        5.19        5.18        4.52        4.89        5.16  
Minnesota ......:     4.26        5.17         (D)        2.94        3.56        4.16         (D)  
Montana ........:      (D)        4.37        5.22        5.28        5.16        5.26        4.93  
North Dakota ...:     5.00        5.26        4.75        4.04        4.44        4.26        4.59  
Oregon 2/ ......:      (D)         (D)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Utah 2/ ........:      (S)         (S)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington .....:     2.68        2.94        2.95        3.04        2.63        3.53        2.53  
Wyoming ........:      (D)         (S)         (D)        5.47         (D)         (D)        5.65  
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:     5.59        5.39        5.00        4.89        4.54        4.85        4.97  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:      (D)         (D)        4.67         (S)         (D)         (S)        4.39  
Colorado .......:     5.63         (D)        5.29        5.45        5.38         (D)        5.38  
Idaho ..........:     5.08        5.19         (D)         (D)        5.44         (D)        4.94  
Minnesota ......:     4.14        4.37        4.22        4.10        3.94         (D)        4.37  
Montana ........:     5.19        5.10        5.15        5.01        5.15        5.01        4.19  
North Dakota ...:     5.10        4.63        4.62        4.37        4.24        4.36        4.35  
Oregon 2/ ......:     (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Utah 2/ ........:     (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington .....:     2.39        2.89        2.62        2.71        2.36        3.75        2.32  
Wyoming ........:      (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:     5.12        4.91        5.08        4.97        4.87        5.05        4.46  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2017-2018                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:      (S)        4.39         (D)        4.23         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Colorado .......:      (D)        5.38        4.28        4.46        4.53        4.81        4.69  
Idaho ..........:      (D)        4.94        5.16        4.63        4.59        4.98        5.16  
Minnesota ......:      (D)        4.37        4.20        4.11         (D)         (D)        4.43  
Montana ........:     5.01        4.19        4.48        4.63        4.02        3.80        4.27  
North Dakota ...:     4.36        4.35        4.34        4.23        4.18        4.43        4.22  
Washington .....:     3.75        2.32        2.56        2.51        2.48         (D)         (D)  
Wyoming ........:      (D)         (D)         (D)        4.68         (D)         (D)         (D)  
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:     5.05        4.46        4.54        4.52        4.32        4.44        4.60  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:      (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)  
Colorado .......:      (D)         (D)        4.80         (D)        4.49        4.45         (D)  
Idaho ..........:     4.54        4.44        4.94        4.52         (D)         (D)        5.00  
Minnesota ......:     4.32        4.39        4.39        4.44        4.12        4.08         (D)  
Montana ........:     4.21        4.34        4.05        4.49        4.32        4.51        3.94  
North Dakota ...:     4.32        4.43        4.44        4.30        4.13        4.13        4.45  
Washington .....:     2.09        2.92        3.01        3.16        3.54        2.62         (D)  
Wyoming ........:      (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:     4.38        4.45        4.58        4.46        4.44        4.45        4.62  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                   
(NA) Not available.                                                                                 
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                       
1/   Second year.                                                                                   
2/   Monthly estimates discontinued in July 2016.                                                   

Feed Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017
and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; June-May for California; July-June for all other
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2016-2017                                     
                :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:     4.89        4.17        4.11         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)  
Colorado .......:      (S)         (D)         (D)        2.65        2.69         (D)         (D)  
Idaho ..........:     3.27        2.95        2.96        2.90        2.20        2.46        2.26  
Minnesota ......:      (D)        2.57        2.48        2.26        2.21         (D)         (S)  
Montana ........:      (D)        2.85        2.63        2.66        2.43         (D)        2.57  
North Dakota ...:     2.97        2.75        2.60        2.53        2.35        2.65        2.56  
Oregon 2/ ......:      (D)         (D)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Utah 2/ ........:      (S)         (S)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington .....:     2.68        2.94        2.95        3.00        2.45        2.46        2.28  
Wyoming ........:      (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)  
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:     3.67        3.38        3.18        2.75        2.39        2.52        2.49  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:      (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)        4.39  
Colorado .......:      (D)         (D)        3.03         (D)         (D)         (D)        3.26  
Idaho ..........:     2.67        2.71        2.53        2.77        2.93        2.53        2.83  
Minnesota ......:      (D)         (D)         (D)        2.32         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Montana ........:     2.38        2.38        2.61        2.34        2.44        2.19         (D)  
North Dakota ...:     2.62        2.55        2.84        2.38        2.53        3.00        3.02  
Oregon 2/ ......:     (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Utah 2/ ........:     (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington .....:     2.18        2.31        2.62        2.18        2.36        2.63        2.32  
Wyoming ........:      (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)  
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:     2.87        2.61        2.75        2.50        2.64        2.69        3.47  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2017-2018                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:      (S)        4.39         (D)        4.23         (D)         (D)         (S)  
Colorado .......:      (D)        3.26         (D)        3.11        2.71        2.64         (D)  
Idaho ..........:     2.53        2.83        2.83        3.02        2.52        2.93        3.00  
Minnesota ......:      (D)         (D)         (D)        3.07         (S)         (D)         (D)  
Montana ........:     2.19         (D)        2.29        2.63        2.34        2.52        2.67  
North Dakota ...:     3.00        3.02        2.90        3.07        2.70        2.61        2.77  
Washington .....:     2.63        2.32        2.56        2.51        2.41        2.43         (D)  
Wyoming ........:      (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)  
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:     2.69        3.47        3.04        2.97        2.62        3.07        2.80  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:      (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)  
Colorado .......:      (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)  
Idaho ..........:     3.00        2.86        3.49        3.04        3.42        3.38        3.35  
Minnesota ......:      (D)         (D)         (D)        2.60         (D)        3.22         (S)  
Montana ........:     2.66        2.60        2.42        2.77        2.73         (D)        3.11  
North Dakota ...:     2.56        2.98        2.82        2.81        3.07        3.35        3.31  
Washington .....:     2.09        2.92        2.93        2.86        2.78        2.62        2.98  
Wyoming ........:      (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)  
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:     2.85        3.01        2.83        2.90        3.08        3.33        3.79  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                   
(NA) Not available.                                                                                 
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                       
1/   Second year.                                                                                   
2/   Monthly estimates discontinued in July 2016.                                                   

Malting Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017
and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; June-May for California; July-June for all other
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2016-2017                                     
                :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)   
Colorado .......:    6.24         (S)        5.82         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Idaho ..........:     (D)         (D)        5.53        5.34        5.06        5.20        5.50   
Minnesota ......:    4.40        5.22         (D)         (D)        4.11        4.35         (D)   
Montana ........:     (D)         (D)        5.45        5.36        5.23        5.29        5.00   
North Dakota ...:    5.42        5.48        5.10        4.88        4.82        4.85        4.73   
Washington .....:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Wyoming ........:     (D)         (S)         (D)        5.50         (D)         (D)        5.69   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    6.03        5.70        5.33        5.31        5.13        5.17        5.21   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:     (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)   
Colorado .......:     (D)        5.86        5.64        5.64        5.64        5.64        5.64   
Idaho ..........:    5.19        5.86         (D)         (D)        5.64         (D)        5.46   
Minnesota ......:     (D)         (D)        4.44        4.35        4.25         (D)        4.49   
Montana ........:    5.22        5.13        5.16        5.06        5.28        5.12        4.29   
North Dakota ...:    5.50        4.81        4.78        4.56        4.48        4.60        4.51   
Washington .....:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)   
Wyoming ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    5.32        5.19        5.20        5.13        5.13        5.27        4.66   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2017-2018                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Colorado .......:    5.64        5.64         (D)         (D)         (D)        4.84        4.75   
Idaho ..........:     (D)        5.46         (D)        4.79        4.70        5.22        5.33   
Minnesota ......:     (D)        4.49         (D)        4.23         (D)         (D)        4.43   
Montana ........:    5.12        4.29        4.67        4.68        4.33        4.16        4.38   
North Dakota ...:    4.60        4.51        4.64        4.58        4.71        4.63        4.56   
Washington .....:     (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Wyoming ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)        4.75         (D)         (D)         (D)   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    5.27        4.66        4.78        4.70        4.64        4.64        4.81   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
California .....:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)   
Colorado .......:     (D)        4.97         (D)        4.73         (D)        4.45        4.56   
Idaho ..........:     (D)        4.59        5.08        4.78         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Minnesota ......:    4.37        4.41        4.40        4.45        4.17        4.13         (D)   
Montana ........:    4.38        4.45        4.50        4.51        4.50         (D)        4.40   
North Dakota ...:    4.41        4.63        4.70        4.58        4.54        4.41        4.64   
Washington .....:     (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)   
Wyoming ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    4.51        4.60        4.77        4.60        4.73        4.58        4.88   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                        
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

Oats Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; May-April for Texas; August-July for New York; July-June for all
other monthly estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                      dollars per bushel                                       
                :                                                                                               
Illinois .......:     (D)        2.73        2.50        1.79         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)   
Iowa ...........:    2.53        2.44        2.32        2.37        2.42        2.27        2.44        2.63   
Michigan .......:    2.29         (D)        2.21        1.77        2.08        1.55         (D)         (D)   
Minnesota ......:    1.98        1.82        1.83        2.00        2.13        2.35        1.89        2.14   
Montana ........:     (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)   
Nebraska .......:     (D)        1.58        1.71        2.23         (D)        1.91         (D)        2.82   
                :                                                                                               
New York .......:     (D)        2.16        2.82        2.19        1.90        1.66         (S)         (D)   
North Dakota ...:    1.79        1.99        1.83        1.93        1.98        2.08         (D)         (D)   
Pennsylvania ...:     (D)         (D)        2.77        2.44        2.53         (D)         (D)        2.52   
South Dakota ...:    1.93        1.87        1.84        1.77        1.87        1.85        1.84        1.97   
Texas ..........:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)   
Wisconsin ......:    1.64        1.66        1.69        1.47        1.37        1.68        1.85        1.92   
                :                                                                                               
United States ..:    2.26        1.98        1.89        1.84        1.97        2.03        2.23        2.35   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------:           
                :  ----------------------------- dollars per bushel -----------------------------               
                :                                                                                               
Illinois .......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)               
Iowa ...........:    3.00        3.08        3.20        2.95        2.96        3.21        2.52               
Michigan .......:    2.68        2.79        2.91        2.64        2.74        3.02        3.35               
Minnesota ......:    2.06        2.07        2.19        2.12        2.13        2.14        2.17               
Montana ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)               
Nebraska .......:     (D)         (D)        2.79        2.95        3.15        3.05         (D)               
                :                                                                                               
New York .......:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)               
North Dakota ...:    2.22        2.35        2.45        1.95        2.26        2.36        2.34               
Oregon .........:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)               
Pennsylvania ...:    2.73         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)        2.58               
South Dakota ...:    2.21        2.25        2.28        2.13        2.27        2.28        2.28               
Texas ..........:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)               
Wisconsin ......:    2.54        2.64        2.43        2.55        2.57        2.97        2.57               
                :                                                                                               
United States ..:    2.31        2.39        2.39        2.32        2.63        2.74        2.33               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                    
1/  Second year.                                                                                                

Oats Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; May-April for Texas; August-July for New York; July-June for all
other monthly estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  
                :                                      dollars per bushel                                       
                :                                                                                               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Illinois .......:     (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)        3.55         (D)         (S)         (S)   
Iowa ...........:    2.96        3.21        2.52        2.37        2.52        2.79        3.16        3.13   
Michigan .......:    2.74        3.02        3.35        2.54        2.87        2.98        3.22        3.11   
Minnesota ......:    2.13        2.14        2.17        2.06        2.05        2.09        2.16        1.97   
Montana ........:     (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)   
Nebraska .......:    3.15        3.05         (D)         (D)        2.75         (D)         (D)        2.71   
                :                                                                                               
New York .......:     (S)         (D)         (D)        1.85         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)   
North Dakota ...:    2.26        2.36        2.34        2.63        2.54        2.35         (D)        2.53   
Oregon .........:     (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Pennsylvania ...:     (D)         (D)        2.58        2.60         (D)        3.46        3.87         (D)   
South Dakota ...:    2.27        2.28        2.28        2.33        2.39        2.63        2.33        2.74   
Texas ..........:     (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)   
Wisconsin ......:    2.57        2.97        2.57        2.34        2.60        2.88        2.99        2.59   
                :                                                                                               
United States ..:    2.63        2.74        2.33        2.32        2.56        2.55        2.68        2.94   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------:           
      State     :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------:           
                :  ----------------------------- dollars per bushel -----------------------------               
                :                                                                                               
Illinois .......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)               
Iowa ...........:    2.75        3.18        3.10        2.78        2.94        2.67        2.37               
Michigan .......:    3.14        3.12        3.30        3.48        3.46        3.27        3.29               
Minnesota ......:    2.11        2.41        2.29        2.31        2.39        2.44        2.47               
Montana ........:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)               
Nebraska .......:     (D)        3.14         (D)        3.08        3.39        3.65        2.57               
                :                                                                                               
New York .......:     (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)               
North Dakota ...:    2.41         (D)        2.46        2.49        2.28        2.45        2.49               
Oregon .........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)               
Pennsylvania ...:     (D)         (S)        4.19        4.02         (D)        4.07        3.59               
South Dakota ...:    2.66        2.38        2.58        2.58        2.68        2.57        2.40               
Texas ..........:     (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)               
Wisconsin ......:    3.13        3.06        3.31        3.24        3.20        3.28        2.61               
                :                                                                                               
United States ..:    3.29        2.63        2.80        2.93        3.14        3.04        2.61               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                    
1/  Second year.                                                                                                

All Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; May-April for Texas; June-May for Arkansas,
California, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. July-June for all other monthly
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Arkansas .......:     (S)        4.83        4.79        3.93        3.85         (D)         (D)   
California .....:    5.16        5.46        5.72        4.85         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Colorado .......:    3.71        3.92        3.27        3.09        2.74        2.75        2.76   
Idaho ..........:    4.56        4.54        4.36        4.10        3.94        4.01        3.91   
Illinois .......:    3.82        4.34        4.04        3.79        3.65        3.83        3.88   
Indiana ........:    4.41        4.45        4.12        3.98        3.48        3.64        3.67   
Kansas .........:    3.96        3.74        3.21        3.01        2.85        2.89        2.96   
Michigan .......:    5.53        4.96        4.32        4.00        3.94        4.06        3.94   
Minnesota ......:    4.60        4.55        4.20        4.31        4.16        4.39        4.46   
Missouri .......:    4.01        4.31        3.91        3.66        3.48        3.68        3.70   
                :                                                                                   
Montana ........:    4.62        4.40        4.62        4.05        4.04        4.19        4.40   
Nebraska .......:    4.46        3.81        3.24        2.99        2.92        2.79        2.72   
North Carolina .:    5.22        4.64        4.49        4.50        4.46        4.65        4.45   
North Dakota ...:    4.65        4.76        4.59        4.23        4.35        4.49        4.63   
Ohio ...........:    3.78        4.45        4.29        4.14        3.72        3.84        3.93   
Oklahoma .......:    3.88        3.91        3.25        3.12        3.13        2.97        3.03   
Oregon .........:    5.21         (D)        4.80        4.69        4.59        4.60        4.45   
South Dakota ...:    4.27        4.28        3.82        3.87        3.87        4.09        4.20   
Texas ..........:    3.87        3.70        3.33        3.10        3.08        3.11        3.21   
Washington .....:    4.86        4.75        4.80        4.49        4.20        3.93        4.02   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    4.45        4.20        3.75        3.68        3.48        3.68        3.88   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)   
Arkansas .......:     (D)         (D)         (D)        3.74         (D)         (D)        4.42   
California .....:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)        5.66   
Colorado .......:    2.75        2.95        3.16        3.21        3.13        3.27        3.37   
Idaho ..........:    3.97        4.01        4.03        4.18        4.51        4.14        4.21   
Illinois .......:    3.66        4.13        4.22        4.12        4.25        4.17        4.49   
Indiana ........:    3.98        3.92        4.17        4.60        4.15        4.22        4.62   
Kansas .........:    2.88        3.20        3.50        3.57        3.36        3.62        3.99   
Michigan .......:    4.13        4.09        4.25        4.49        4.31        4.30        4.28   
Minnesota ......:    4.74        4.79        4.97        4.78        4.68        4.86        5.68   
Missouri .......:    3.78        3.85        3.97        4.00        3.97        4.06        4.38   
                :                                                                                   
Montana ........:    4.52        4.47        4.51        4.57        4.52        4.57        4.63   
Nebraska .......:    2.69        2.98        3.21        3.50        3.19        3.40        3.74   
North Carolina .:    4.76        4.58        4.85        4.87        4.79        4.54        4.55   
North Dakota ...:    4.73        4.77        4.92        5.00        4.95        4.80        5.25   
Ohio ...........:    3.96        4.04        4.34        4.22        4.09        4.16        4.65   
Oklahoma .......:    3.13        3.39        3.53        3.63        3.40        3.67        3.97   
Oregon .........:    4.56        4.54        4.33        4.49        4.42        4.51        4.53   
South Dakota ...:    4.20        4.37        4.35        4.48        4.24        4.21        4.61   
Texas ..........:    3.16        3.26        3.82        3.56        3.75        3.69        4.12   
Washington .....:    4.13        4.20        4.08        3.99        4.12        4.25        4.50   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    3.90        4.01        4.16        4.37        4.16        4.05        4.37   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                        
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

All Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; May-April for Texas; June-May for Arkansas,
California, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. July-June for all other monthly
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)   
Arkansas .......:     (D)        4.42        4.42         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
California .....:     (D)        5.66        5.24        4.64         (D)         (D)        4.30   
Colorado .......:    3.27        3.37        4.08        3.63        3.42        3.22        3.18   
Idaho ..........:    4.14        4.21        4.39        4.58        4.54        4.41        4.66   
Illinois .......:    4.17        4.49        4.80        4.46        4.12        4.21        4.44   
Indiana ........:    4.22        4.62        5.01        4.56        4.34        4.25        4.48   
Kansas .........:    3.62        3.99        4.42        3.99        3.55        3.48        3.45   
Michigan .......:    4.30        4.28        4.76        4.29        4.24        4.53        4.08   
Minnesota ......:    4.86        5.68        6.31        6.15        5.71        5.61        5.52   
Missouri .......:    4.06        4.38        4.54        4.39        4.42        4.54        4.52   
                :                                                                                   
Montana ........:    4.57        4.63        5.00        5.13        5.14        5.26        5.42   
Nebraska .......:    3.40        3.74        4.31        3.82        3.36        3.50        3.48   
North Carolina .:    4.54        4.55        4.72        4.91        4.59        4.58        4.23   
North Dakota ...:    4.80        5.25        6.06        5.92        5.70        5.61        5.90   
Ohio ...........:    4.16        4.65        5.03        4.66        4.51        4.42        4.51   
Oklahoma .......:    3.67        3.97        4.59        3.67        3.48        3.32        3.32   
Oregon .........:    4.51        4.53        5.20        5.15        4.99        5.18        5.02   
South Dakota ...:    4.21        4.61        5.43        5.60        5.31        5.60        5.55   
Texas ..........:    3.69        4.12        4.78        4.03        3.83        3.77        3.87   
Washington .....:    4.25        4.50        5.24        4.72        4.78        4.80        4.84   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    4.05        4.37        4.77        4.84        4.65        4.64        4.72   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Arkansas .......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)        4.79   
California .....:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)        5.22         (S)         (D)   
Colorado .......:    3.40        3.62        4.11        4.31        4.44        4.75        4.54   
Idaho ..........:    4.72        4.68        4.56        4.73        4.86        4.97        4.78   
Illinois .......:    4.41        5.07        4.65        4.87        4.85        4.80        4.88   
Indiana ........:     (D)        4.62        4.79        4.97        4.66        4.97        4.83   
Kansas .........:    3.61        3.90        4.30        4.49        4.44        4.83        5.02   
Michigan .......:    3.82        4.43        4.51        4.72        5.01        4.98        5.06   
Minnesota ......:    5.56        5.75        5.64        5.72        5.80        5.76        5.85   
Missouri .......:    4.39        4.70        4.74        4.82        4.95        4.94        4.80   
                :                                                                                   
Montana ........:    5.30        5.34        5.44        5.35        5.58        5.80        5.74   
Nebraska .......:    3.46        3.61        4.34        4.52        4.58        4.78        4.62   
North Carolina .:    4.87        5.11        4.81        4.97        4.97        5.33        4.70   
North Dakota ...:    5.57        5.72        5.73        5.65        5.53        5.74        5.45   
Ohio ...........:    4.27        4.52        4.46        4.90        4.90        5.12        5.04   
Oklahoma .......:    3.33        3.70        4.14        4.49        4.46        4.94        5.24   
Oregon .........:    5.03        5.10        4.75        5.42        5.50        5.61        5.66   
South Dakota ...:    5.58        5.21        5.22        5.68        5.75        5.94        5.79   
Texas ..........:    2.65         (D)         (D)        4.64        5.05        5.27        5.17   
Washington .....:    4.64        4.81        4.80        4.92        5.34        5.53        5.41   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    4.50        4.65        4.92        5.10        5.28        5.39        5.17   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                        
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; May-April for Texas; June-May for Arkansas,
California, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. July-June for all other monthly
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arkansas .......:     (S)        4.83        4.79        3.93        3.85         (D)         (D)   
California .....:    4.85        5.24        5.30        4.83         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Colorado .......:    3.71        3.92        3.27        3.09        2.73        2.75        2.76   
Idaho ..........:    4.50        4.54        4.28        4.07        3.82        3.81        3.85   
Illinois .......:    3.82        4.34        4.04        3.79        3.65        3.83        3.88   
Indiana ........:    4.41        4.45        4.12        3.98        3.48        3.64        3.67   
Kansas .........:    3.96        3.74        3.21        3.01        2.85        2.89        2.96   
Michigan .......:    5.53        4.96        4.32        4.00        3.94        4.06        3.94   
Minnesota ......:     (S)         (S)        3.11        2.84         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Missouri .......:    4.01        4.31        3.91        3.66        3.48        3.68        3.70   
                :                                                                                   
Montana ........:    4.34        4.08        4.18        3.73        3.61        3.47        3.67   
Nebraska .......:     (D)        3.81        3.24        2.99        2.92        2.79        2.72   
North Carolina .:    5.22        4.64        4.49        4.50        4.46        4.65        4.45   
North Dakota ...:    3.40        3.49        3.27        3.23        3.10        3.24        2.92   
Ohio ...........:    3.78        4.45        4.29        4.14        3.72        3.84        3.93   
Oklahoma .......:    3.88        3.91        3.25        3.12        3.13        2.97        3.03   
Oregon .........:    5.20         (D)        4.80        4.68        4.56        4.50        4.34   
South Dakota ...:    3.78        3.63        3.53        3.32        3.23        3.49        3.52   
Texas ..........:    3.87        3.70        3.33        3.10        3.08        3.11        3.21   
Washington .....:    4.80        4.68        4.77        4.44        4.16        3.88        3.91   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    4.28        3.97        3.56        3.41        3.25        3.37        3.41   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arkansas .......:     (D)         (D)         (D)        3.74         (D)         (D)        4.42   
California .....:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Colorado .......:    2.75        2.95        3.16        3.21        3.13         (D)        3.37   
Idaho ..........:    3.77        3.85        3.89        3.93        4.14        3.90        4.06   
Illinois .......:    3.66        4.13        4.22        4.12        4.25        4.17        4.49   
Indiana ........:    3.98        3.92        4.17        4.60        4.15        4.22        4.62   
Kansas .........:    2.88        3.20        3.50        3.57        3.36        3.62        3.99   
Michigan .......:    4.13        4.09        4.25        4.49        4.31        4.30        4.28   
Minnesota ......:     (D)        4.13         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (S)   
Missouri .......:    3.78        3.85        3.97        4.00        3.97        4.06        4.38   
                :                                                                                   
Montana ........:    3.95        4.09        3.93        3.78        3.92        3.94        4.01   
Nebraska .......:    2.69        2.98        3.21        3.50        3.19        3.40        3.74   
North Carolina .:    4.76        4.58        4.85        4.87        4.79        4.54        4.55   
North Dakota ...:    3.70        3.54        3.89        3.47        3.80        3.81        3.34   
Ohio ...........:    3.96        4.04        4.34        4.22        4.09        4.16        4.65   
Oklahoma .......:    3.13        3.39        3.53        3.63        3.40        3.67        3.97   
Oregon .........:    4.42        4.35        4.23        4.39        4.39        4.48        4.43   
South Dakota ...:    3.42        3.78        3.94        3.84        3.76        3.79        3.94   
Texas ..........:    3.16        3.26        3.82        3.56        3.75        3.69        4.12   
Washington .....:    4.07        4.10        4.04        3.95        4.03        4.07        4.40   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    3.40        3.53        3.77        3.82        3.70        3.77        4.11   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                        
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; May-April for Texas; June-May for Arkansas,
California, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. July-June for all other monthly
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arkansas .......:     (D)        4.42        4.42         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
California .....:     (D)         (D)        5.09        4.46         (D)         (D)        4.30   
Colorado .......:     (D)        3.37         (D)        3.63        3.35        3.22        3.18   
Idaho ..........:    3.90        4.06        4.11        4.11        4.33        4.25        4.33   
Illinois .......:    4.17        4.49        4.80        4.46        4.12        4.21        4.44   
Indiana ........:    4.22        4.62        5.01        4.56        4.34        4.25        4.48   
Kansas .........:    3.62        3.99        4.42        3.99        3.55        3.48        3.45   
Michigan .......:    4.30        4.28        4.76        4.29        4.24        4.53        4.08   
Minnesota ......:     (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Missouri .......:    4.06        4.38        4.54        4.39        4.42        4.54        4.52   
                :                                                                                   
Montana ........:    3.94        4.01        4.41        4.39        4.15        4.55        4.78   
Nebraska .......:    3.40        3.74        4.31        3.82        3.36        3.50        3.48   
North Carolina .:    4.54        4.55        4.72        4.91        4.59        4.58        4.23   
North Dakota ...:    3.81        3.34        4.11        4.12        4.60        3.58        3.74   
Ohio ...........:    4.16        4.65        5.03        4.66        4.51        4.42        4.51   
Oklahoma .......:    3.67        3.97        4.59        3.67        3.48        3.32        3.32   
Oregon .........:    4.48        4.43        4.81        4.92        4.92        4.91        4.92   
South Dakota ...:    3.79        3.94        5.19        4.71        4.41        4.45        4.74   
Texas ..........:    3.69        4.12        4.78        4.03        3.83        3.77        3.87   
Washington .....:    4.07        4.40        5.11        4.56        4.68        4.68        4.74   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    3.77        4.11        4.56        4.27        4.11        4.17        4.07   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arkansas .......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)        4.79   
California .....:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)        5.22         (S)        6.27   
Colorado .......:    3.40        3.62        4.11        4.31        4.44        4.75        4.54   
Idaho ..........:    4.45        4.52        4.53        4.58        4.80        4.83        4.63   
Illinois .......:    4.41        5.07        4.65        4.87        4.85        4.80        4.88   
Indiana ........:     (D)        4.62        4.79        4.97        4.66        4.97        4.83   
Kansas .........:    3.61        3.90        4.30        4.49        4.44        4.83        5.02   
Michigan .......:    3.82        4.43        4.51        4.72        5.01        4.98        5.06   
Minnesota ......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)   
Missouri .......:    4.39        4.70        4.74        4.82        4.95         (D)        4.80   
                :                                                                                   
Montana ........:    4.78        4.74        5.02        4.96        5.18        5.28        5.37   
Nebraska .......:    3.46        3.61        4.34        4.52        4.58        4.78        4.62   
North Carolina .:    4.87        5.11        4.81        4.97        4.97        5.33        4.70   
North Dakota ...:    3.33        3.76        4.01        4.15        4.25        4.30        4.92   
Ohio ...........:    4.27        4.52        4.46        4.90        4.90        5.12        5.04   
Oklahoma .......:    3.33        3.70        4.14        4.49        4.46        4.94        5.24   
Oregon .........:    4.92        5.06        4.68        5.34        5.42         (D)        5.63   
South Dakota ...:    4.64        4.71        5.08        5.43        5.38        5.60        5.49   
Texas ..........:    2.65         (D)         (D)        4.64        5.05        5.27        5.17   
Washington .....:    4.51        4.72        4.73        4.80        5.08        5.33        5.31   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    3.89        4.15        4.63        4.73        4.90        5.05        5.05   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                        
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

Other Spring Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017
and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; May-April for Texas; June-May for Arkansas,
California, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. July-June for all other monthly
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2016-2017                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Colorado .......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Idaho ..........:    4.70        4.53        4.55        4.16        4.17        4.40        4.09   
Minnesota ......:    4.60        4.55        4.21        4.34        4.16        4.40        4.46   
Montana ........:    4.72        4.63        4.75        4.36        4.29        4.38        4.56   
North Dakota ...:    4.50        4.59        4.38        4.17        4.16        4.37        4.46   
Oregon .........:    5.30         (D)        4.81        4.73        4.77        5.17        5.06   
South Dakota ...:    4.59        4.60        4.42        4.41        4.29        4.53        4.59   
Washington .....:    5.12        5.07        4.99        4.79        4.42        4.23        4.50   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    4.64        4.61        4.48        4.26        4.22        4.38        4.48   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Colorado .......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)   
Idaho ..........:    4.35        4.36        4.35         (D)        4.76        4.59        4.59   
Minnesota ......:    4.74        4.79        4.96        4.78        4.68        4.86        5.68   
Montana ........:    4.77        4.67        4.92        5.03        5.00        4.96        5.42   
North Dakota ...:    4.64        4.70        4.84        4.86        4.76        4.71        5.26   
Oregon .........:    5.23        5.44        4.83        5.09        4.59        4.74        5.17   
South Dakota ...:    4.89        4.97        5.09        4.93        5.04        4.94        5.49   
Washington .....:    4.45        4.74        4.36        4.22        4.61        5.05        5.06   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    4.66        4.74        4.83        4.86        4.83        4.81        5.35   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2017-2018                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Colorado .......:     (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)   
Idaho ..........:    4.59        4.59        4.93        5.12        4.95        4.77        5.19   
Minnesota ......:    4.86        5.68        6.41        6.15        5.71        5.61        5.52   
Montana ........:    4.96        5.42        5.92        6.17        6.13        5.98        6.27   
North Dakota ...:    4.71        5.26        6.08        5.89        5.62        5.46        5.87   
Oregon .........:    4.74        5.17        6.65        6.28        5.45        6.28        5.66   
South Dakota ...:    4.94        5.49        6.55        6.45        5.92        5.87        6.08   
Washington .....:    5.05        5.06        5.97        5.59        5.40        5.50        5.46   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    4.81        5.35        6.08        5.86        5.62        5.56        5.78   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Colorado .......:     (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (S)   
Idaho ..........:    5.25        5.03        4.64        5.04        5.01        5.19         (D)   
Minnesota ......:    5.55        5.75        5.65        5.76        5.80        5.76        5.85   
Montana ........:    6.33        6.42        6.36        6.31        6.27        6.39        6.17   
North Dakota ...:    5.52        5.68        5.69        5.70        5.59        5.75        5.44   
Oregon .........:    5.69        5.41        5.22        5.90        5.99        6.01        5.85   
South Dakota ...:    6.22        5.99        5.89        6.04        6.13        6.13        6.01   
Washington .....:    5.36        5.37        5.21        5.56        6.14        6.28        5.90   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    5.62        5.72        5.66        5.74        5.78        5.84        5.66   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                        
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

Durum Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017
and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States; May-April for Texas; June-May for Arkansas,
California, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. July-June for all other monthly
estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2016-2017                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
California .....:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)   
Idaho ..........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)   
Montana ........:     (D)        6.36        6.36         (D)         (D)         (D)        5.91   
North Dakota ...:    6.51        6.46        6.25        5.55        5.61        5.43        5.78   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    6.57        6.50        6.47        5.66        5.61        5.51        6.00   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)   
California .....:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)   
Idaho ..........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Montana ........:    5.75        6.07        5.98        5.91        5.97        5.85        6.03   
North Dakota ...:    5.82        5.62        5.60        5.62        5.62        5.54        5.56   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    6.07        5.90        5.71        5.72        5.90        5.82        6.69   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2017-2018                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)   
California .....:     (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)   
Idaho ..........:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)        6.19         (D)         (D)   
Montana ........:    5.85        6.03         (D)        6.87         (D)         (D)         (D)   
North Dakota ...:    5.54        5.56        6.13        6.67        6.40        6.30        6.39   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    5.82        6.69        6.30        6.89        6.31        6.41        6.55   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
California .....:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)   
Idaho ..........:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Montana ........:     (D)         (D)         (D)        6.22         (D)        6.04        6.03   
North Dakota ...:    6.18        5.96        6.23        5.21        5.24        5.52        5.50   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    6.25        6.05        6.19        5.66        5.41        6.02        6.33   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                        
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

Hard Red Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years
2016-2017 and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States and all estimating States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          dollars per bushel                           
                :                                                                       
2016-2017 ......:   3.84        3.32        3.15        3.02        3.07        3.16    
2017-2018 ......:   4.00        4.46        4.10        3.82        3.81        3.84    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          dollars per bushel                           
                :                                                                       
2016-2017 ......:   3.11        3.35        3.59        3.66        3.52        3.65    
2017-2018 ......:   3.66        3.91        4.65        4.71        4.83        5.05    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                         

Soft Red Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years
2016-2017 and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States and all estimating States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          dollars per bushel                           
                :                                                                       
2016-2017 ......:   4.45        4.16        3.92        3.68        3.83        3.85    
2017-2018 ......:   4.50        4.85        4.49        4.33        4.48        4.31    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          dollars per bushel                           
                :                                                                       
2016-2017 ......:   3.91        4.04        4.25        4.29        4.19        4.20    
2017-2018 ......:   4.45        4.74        4.68        4.86        4.92        5.07    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                         

Hard Red Spring Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years
2016-2017 and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States and all estimating States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          dollars per bushel                           
                :                                                                       
2016-2017 ......:   4.61        4.48        4.27        4.24        4.46        4.54    
2017-2018 ......:   5.41        6.16        6.06        5.75        5.73        5.89    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          dollars per bushel                           
                :                                                                       
2016-2017 ......:   4.72        4.78        4.91        4.92        4.89        4.95    
2017-2018 ......:   5.72        5.84        5.77        5.84        5.85        5.90    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                         

White Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017
and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: June-May for United States and all estimating States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          dollars per bushel                           
                :                                                                       
2016-2017 ......:   4.75        4.63        4.23        4.08        3.88        3.92    
2017-2018 ......:   4.30        4.77        4.43        4.55        4.60        4.58    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          dollars per bushel                           
                :                                                                       
2016-2017 ......:   4.00        4.04        4.02        4.01        4.11        4.07    
2017-2018 ......:   4.46        4.69        4.58        4.74        5.02        5.00    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                         

All Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                  dollars per ton                                  
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:  179.00      155.00      142.00      142.00      142.00      141.00      141.00   
California .....:  157.00      153.00      148.00      140.00      140.00      150.00      151.00   
Colorado .......:  177.00      160.00      160.00      151.00      151.00      146.00      146.00   
Idaho ..........:  140.00      135.00      140.00      140.00      131.00      128.00      127.00   
Illinois .......:  151.00      126.00      133.00      133.00      132.00      137.00      136.00   
Iowa ...........:   99.00       93.00       93.00       88.00       88.00       85.00       90.00   
Kansas .........:   94.00       87.00       95.00       91.00       89.00       91.00       96.00   
Kentucky .......:  145.00      156.00      128.00      135.00      143.00      132.00      128.00   
Michigan .......:  123.00      118.00      112.00      126.00      144.00      130.00      137.00   
Minnesota ......:   87.00       87.00       78.00       65.00       61.00       65.00       81.00   
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:   95.00      101.00       94.00       95.00       91.00       91.00       93.00   
Montana ........:  123.00      128.00      128.00      129.00      133.00      133.00      133.00   
Nebraska .......:   85.00       87.00       81.00       85.00       80.00       74.00       79.00   
Nevada .........:  127.00      158.00      160.00      151.00      158.00      144.00      144.00   
New Mexico .....:  163.00      164.00      163.00      161.00      161.00      162.00      157.00   
New York .......:  174.00      176.00      173.00      168.00      191.00      187.00      199.00   
North Dakota ...:   74.00       69.00       72.00       74.00       77.00       70.00       74.00   
Ohio ...........:  150.00      163.00      143.00      157.00      140.00      142.00      138.00   
Oklahoma .......:   96.00       94.00       94.00       81.00       82.00       73.00       81.00   
Oregon .........:  177.00      170.00      180.00      176.00      177.00      170.00      167.00   
                :                                                                                   
Pennsylvania ...:  190.00      192.00      166.00      159.00      182.00      184.00      189.00   
South Dakota ...:   95.00       89.00       89.00       89.00       85.00       85.00       83.00   
Texas ..........:   99.00      121.00      117.00      117.00      122.00      113.00      112.00   
Utah ...........:  145.00      120.00      130.00      130.00      129.00      130.00      130.00   
Washington .....:  145.00      149.00      152.00      147.00      146.00      144.00      144.00   
Wisconsin ......:   93.00       94.00       92.00       71.00       72.00       82.00      102.00   
Wyoming ........:  113.00      112.00      114.00      122.00      126.00      118.00      116.00   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:  144.00      136.00      132.00      128.00      130.00      128.00      129.00   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                         --continued

All Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017 (continued)
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : November  : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                  dollars per ton                                  
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:  146.00      150.00      150.00      165.00      169.00      170.00      169.00   
California .....:  149.00      146.00      153.00      159.00      166.00      173.00      169.00   
Colorado .......:  146.00      151.00      151.00      151.00      152.00      171.00      176.00   
Idaho ..........:  127.00      122.00      123.00      132.00      126.00      130.00      135.00   
Illinois .......:  147.00      140.00      145.00      151.00      151.00      137.00      139.00   
Iowa ...........:  100.00       94.00       89.00       87.00       80.00       85.00       89.00   
Kansas .........:   95.00       87.00       88.00       82.00       86.00       92.00      102.00   
Kentucky .......:  129.00      132.00      133.00      131.00      132.00      134.00      150.00   
Michigan .......:  144.00      143.00      145.00      136.00      134.00      132.00      137.00   
Minnesota ......:   80.00       85.00       77.00       72.00       75.00       72.00       81.00   
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:   98.00       93.00       95.00       98.00      102.00      104.00      107.00   
Montana ........:  133.00      130.00      133.00      138.00      138.00      130.00      130.00   
Nebraska .......:   77.00       76.00       76.00       76.00       74.00       76.00       74.00   
Nevada .........:  154.00      144.00      149.00      145.00      153.00      166.00      168.00   
New Mexico .....:  156.00      161.00      161.00      161.00      165.00      186.00      182.00   
New York .......:  187.00      191.00      157.00      184.00      188.00      195.00      220.00   
North Dakota ...:   82.00       79.00       89.00       76.00       68.00       76.00       79.00   
Ohio ...........:  132.00      142.00      122.00      122.00      136.00      137.00      127.00   
Oklahoma .......:   80.00       86.00       92.00       86.00       96.00      103.00       96.00   
Oregon .........:  159.00      145.00      158.00      147.00      157.00      150.00      150.00   
                :                                                                                   
Pennsylvania ...:  189.00      178.00      183.00      176.00      169.00      170.00      167.00   
South Dakota ...:   89.00       88.00       84.00       83.00       82.00       84.00      100.00   
Texas ..........:  111.00      106.00      103.00       99.00      104.00      108.00      124.00   
Utah ...........:  130.00      125.00      120.00      120.00      120.00      120.00      120.00   
Washington .....:  142.00      132.00      135.00      132.00      130.00      127.00      142.00   
Wisconsin ......:   95.00       89.00       79.00       88.00       86.00       89.00      107.00   
Wyoming ........:  117.00      116.00      113.00      117.00      123.00      123.00      121.00   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:  126.00      123.00      122.00      124.00      131.00      143.00      145.00   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                                     

All Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         State        :  April   :   May    :   June   :   July   :  August  :September : October  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                              dollars per ton                               
                      :                                                                            
Alabama 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      99.00     112.00  
Alaska 2/ ............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     370.00     350.00  
Arizona ..............:  170.00     169.00     179.00     171.00     165.00     161.00     161.00  
Arkansas 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     100.00      99.00  
California ...........:  173.00     169.00     166.00     160.00     151.00     161.00     173.00  
Colorado .............:  171.00     176.00     170.00     170.00     166.00     166.00     166.00  
Connecticut 2/ .......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     129.00        (S)  
Delaware 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Florida 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     143.00     143.00  
Georgia 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     102.00     121.00  
                      :                                                                            
Hawaii 2/ ............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Idaho ................:  130.00     135.00     132.00     142.00     132.00     143.00     138.00  
Illinois .............:  137.00     139.00     122.00     122.00     124.00     128.00     121.00  
Indiana 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     163.00     172.00  
Iowa .................:   85.00      89.00      99.00     100.00     100.00     101.00     100.00  
Kansas ...............:   92.00     102.00     108.00     101.00     112.00     101.00     115.00  
Kentucky .............:  134.00     150.00     129.00     123.00     134.00     125.00     117.00  
Louisiana 2/ .........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      96.00      95.00  
Maine 2/ .............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     174.00        (S)  
Maryland 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     145.00        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Massachusetts 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     108.00        (S)  
Michigan .............:  132.00     137.00     144.00     127.00     115.00     131.00     150.00  
Minnesota ............:   72.00      81.00      87.00      79.00      72.00      90.00      95.00  
Mississippi 2/ .......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      76.00      85.00  
Missouri .............:  104.00     107.00      97.00      94.00      94.00      96.00      98.00  
Montana ..............:  130.00     130.00     135.00     135.00     144.00     144.00     144.00  
Nebraska .............:   76.00      74.00      83.00      86.00      90.00      85.00      91.00  
Nevada ...............:  166.00     168.00     179.00     178.00     168.00     169.00     177.00  
New Hampshire 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     170.00        (S)  
New Jersey 2/ ........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
New Mexico ...........:  186.00     182.00     183.00     177.00     173.00     173.00     177.00  
New York .............:  195.00     220.00     173.00     175.00     179.00     169.00     169.00  
North Carolina 2/ ....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     116.00     110.00  
North Dakota .........:   76.00      79.00     120.00      99.00     107.00     100.00      91.00  
Ohio .................:  137.00     127.00     145.00     136.00     118.00     140.00     138.00  
Oklahoma .............:  103.00      96.00     103.00      89.00      70.00      71.00      80.00  
Oregon ...............:  150.00     150.00     153.00     180.00     176.00     157.00     175.00  
Pennsylvania .........:  170.00     167.00     149.00     165.00     165.00     160.00     165.00  
Rhode Island 2/ ......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
South Carolina 2/ ....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     130.00     105.00  
                      :                                                                            
South Dakota .........:   84.00     100.00     114.00     106.00     108.00      95.00     101.00  
Tennessee 2/ .........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     117.00     111.00  
Texas ................:  108.00     124.00     127.00     129.00     123.00     112.00     112.00  
Utah .................:  120.00     120.00     125.00     125.00     125.00     135.00     140.00  
Vermont 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      77.00        (S)  
Virginia 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     117.00     120.00  
Washington ...........:  127.00     142.00     173.00     180.00     175.00     167.00     161.00  
West Virginia 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Wisconsin ............:   89.00     107.00     107.00      91.00      92.00     105.00     112.00  
Wyoming ..............:  123.00     121.00     124.00     128.00     133.00     138.00     134.00  
                      :                                                                            
United States 3/ .....:  143.00     145.00     143.00     141.00     137.00     137.00     141.00  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                        --continued

All Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018 (continued)
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         State        : November : December :January 1/: February :  March   :  April   :   May    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                              dollars per ton                               
                      :                                                                            
Alabama 2/ ...........:  100.00     101.00     102.00     102.00      89.00      96.00      98.00  
Alaska 2/ ............:  350.00     350.00     340.00     360.00     360.00     340.00     330.00  
Arizona ..............:  171.00     171.00     181.00     190.00     200.00     210.00     210.00  
Arkansas 2/ ..........:  100.00      97.00      96.00      97.00      98.00      98.00      98.00  
California ...........:  172.00     173.00     183.00     190.00     188.00     193.00     194.00  
Colorado .............:  171.00     171.00     176.00     186.00     190.00     190.00     190.00  
Connecticut 2/ .......:     (S)     200.00     200.00        (S)     164.00        (S)        (S)  
Delaware 2/ ..........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Florida 2/ ...........:  149.00     176.00     176.00     183.00     140.00     136.00     146.00  
Georgia 2/ ...........:  122.00      91.00      93.00      85.00      85.00      77.00      74.00  
                      :                                                                            
Hawaii 2/ ............:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Idaho ................:  142.00     137.00     138.00     133.00     141.00     141.00     137.00  
Illinois .............:  127.00     128.00     140.00     143.00     149.00     142.00     136.00  
Indiana 2/ ...........:  190.00     178.00     175.00     175.00     170.00     191.00     170.00  
Iowa .................:  128.00     104.00     111.00     106.00     124.00     136.00     126.00  
Kansas ...............:  113.00     111.00     118.00     119.00     124.00     131.00     144.00  
Kentucky .............:  122.00     129.00     135.00     139.00     147.00     145.00     164.00  
Louisiana 2/ .........:   96.00      95.00      94.00      95.00      97.00      97.00      98.00  
Maine 2/ .............:     (S)     161.00     161.00     161.00     152.00        (S)        (S)  
Maryland 2/ ..........:     (S)     155.00     129.00     155.00     137.00        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Massachusetts 2/ .....:     (S)     167.00     146.00     146.00        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Michigan .............:  150.00     170.00     171.00     164.00     152.00     189.00     153.00  
Minnesota ............:  115.00     111.00     109.00     111.00     126.00     149.00     138.00  
Mississippi 2/ .......:   90.00      90.00      89.00      90.00      91.00      91.00      91.00  
Missouri .............:  101.00      99.00     102.00     102.00     105.00     105.00     110.00  
Montana ..............:  144.00     139.00     134.00     138.00     145.00     155.00     149.00  
Nebraska .............:   85.00      89.00      95.00      95.00     102.00      97.00     104.00  
Nevada ...............:  169.00     170.00     186.00     179.00     181.00     175.00     179.00  
New Hampshire 2/ .....:     (S)     166.00     166.00     166.00     150.00        (S)        (S)  
New Jersey 2/ ........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     146.00        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
New Mexico ...........:  177.00     168.00     168.00     173.00     192.00     204.00     229.00  
New York .............:  142.00     142.00     146.00     142.00     124.00     125.00     130.00  
North Carolina 2/ ....:  115.00     110.00     116.00     120.00     126.00        (S)        (S)  
North Dakota .........:  102.00      86.00     103.00      98.00     101.00     105.00     112.00  
Ohio .................:  124.00     140.00     135.00     123.00     142.00     176.00     176.00  
Oklahoma .............:   76.00      72.00      81.00     100.00     103.00      99.00     112.00  
Oregon ...............:  180.00     166.00     169.00     161.00     167.00     177.00     175.00  
Pennsylvania .........:  169.00     173.00     180.00     159.00     156.00     157.00     142.00  
Rhode Island 2/ ......:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
South Carolina 2/ ....:  134.00     147.00     152.00     152.00     152.00     153.00     155.00  
                      :                                                                            
South Dakota .........:  108.00     107.00     115.00     109.00     116.00     115.00     109.00  
Tennessee 2/ .........:  121.00     121.00     121.00     116.00     122.00     122.00     117.00  
Texas ................:  112.00     114.00     108.00     106.00     110.00     117.00     146.00  
Utah .................:  140.00     140.00     140.00     145.00     150.00     150.00     150.00  
Vermont 2/ ...........:     (S)     168.00     168.00     168.00     173.00        (S)        (S)  
Virginia 2/ ..........:  125.00     131.00     136.00     131.00     137.00     148.00     144.00  
Washington ...........:  160.00     158.00     175.00     182.00     180.00     178.00     185.00  
West Virginia 2/ .....:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Wisconsin ............:  130.00     118.00     123.00     128.00     122.00     153.00     155.00  
Wyoming ..............:  138.00     138.00     143.00     147.00     157.00     163.00     160.00  
                      :                                                                            
United States 3/ .....:  138.00     137.00     140.00     142.00     148.00     162.00     167.00  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                      
(NA) Not available.                                                                                
1/   Second year.                                                                                  
2/   States added September 2017.                                                                  
3/   United States price includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas,    
     Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York,     
     North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington,    
     Wisconsin, and Wyoming.                                                                       

Alfalfa Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                  dollars per ton                                  
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:  180.00      155.00      140.00      140.00      140.00      140.00      140.00   
California .....:  165.00      160.00      155.00      145.00      145.00      155.00      155.00   
Colorado .......:  180.00      160.00      160.00      150.00      150.00      145.00      145.00   
Idaho ..........:  140.00      135.00      140.00      140.00      130.00      125.00      125.00   
Illinois .......:  170.00      165.00      160.00      160.00      160.00      155.00      160.00   
Iowa ...........:  104.00       96.00       96.00       96.00       93.00       88.00       97.00   
Kansas .........:  105.00       92.00       98.00       94.00       93.00       97.00      102.00   
Kentucky .......:  225.00      225.00      220.00      220.00      220.00      220.00      225.00   
Michigan .......:  130.00      135.00      115.00      140.00      155.00      145.00      150.00   
Minnesota ......:   99.00       94.00       84.00       73.00       69.00       69.00       90.00   
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:  160.00      160.00      155.00      155.00      155.00      165.00      165.00   
Montana ........:  125.00      130.00      130.00      130.00      135.00      135.00      135.00   
Nebraska .......:   88.00       90.00       82.00       87.00       83.00       77.00       82.00   
Nevada .........:  125.00      160.00      160.00      152.00      160.00      145.00      145.00   
New Mexico .....:  165.00      165.00      165.00      165.00      165.00      165.00      160.00   
New York .......:  206.00      206.00      200.00      195.00      216.00      188.00      209.00   
North Dakota ...:   76.00       70.00       74.00       80.00       80.00       73.00       79.00   
Ohio ...........:  170.00      170.00      170.00      200.00      170.00      180.00      190.00   
Oklahoma .......:  142.00      148.00      160.00      144.00      146.00      149.00      159.00   
Oregon .........:  175.00      160.00      165.00      165.00      175.00      170.00      170.00   
                :                                                                                   
Pennsylvania ...:  189.00      198.00      168.00      163.00      182.00      186.00      200.00   
South Dakota ...:  100.00       91.00       91.00       91.00       88.00       88.00       87.00   
Texas ..........:  192.00      187.00      182.00      176.00      178.00      172.00      171.00   
Utah ...........:  145.00      120.00      130.00      130.00      130.00      130.00      130.00   
Washington .....:  140.00      145.00      145.00      140.00      140.00      140.00      140.00   
Wisconsin ......:   99.00      101.00       95.00       80.00       79.00       88.00      117.00   
Wyoming ........:  115.00      115.00      115.00      125.00      130.00      120.00      120.00   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:  154.00      146.00      140.00      138.00      137.00      136.00      135.00   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                         --continued

Alfalfa Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year
2016-2017 (continued)
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : November  : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                  dollars per ton                                  
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:  145.00      150.00      150.00      165.00      170.00      170.00      170.00   
California .....:  155.00      150.00      160.00      165.00      175.00      180.00      180.00   
Colorado .......:  145.00      150.00      150.00      150.00      150.00      170.00      175.00   
Idaho ..........:  125.00      120.00      120.00      130.00      125.00      130.00      135.00   
Illinois .......:  165.00      160.00      160.00      165.00      165.00      150.00      155.00   
Iowa ...........:  103.00       99.00       94.00       90.00       84.00       89.00       96.00   
Kansas .........:  102.00       90.00       92.00       86.00       96.00      103.00      112.00   
Kentucky .......:  225.00      220.00      220.00      220.00      215.00      215.00      215.00   
Michigan .......:  160.00      150.00      155.00      150.00      140.00      140.00      150.00   
Minnesota ......:   94.00       93.00       84.00       77.00       78.00       76.00       87.00   
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:  165.00      160.00      155.00      150.00      160.00      160.00      160.00   
Montana ........:  135.00      130.00      135.00      140.00      140.00      130.00      130.00   
Nebraska .......:   79.00       79.00       79.00       79.00       78.00       81.00       77.00   
Nevada .........:  155.00      145.00      150.00      145.00      155.00      170.00      170.00   
New Mexico .....:  160.00      165.00      165.00      165.00      170.00      190.00      185.00   
New York .......:  211.00      221.00      196.00      196.00      215.00      240.00      250.00   
North Dakota ...:   84.00       80.00       95.00       80.00       72.00       80.00       80.00   
Ohio ...........:  185.00      175.00      155.00      155.00      170.00      165.00      165.00   
Oklahoma .......:  154.00      166.00      153.00      134.00      125.00      120.00      121.00   
Oregon .........:  165.00      150.00      165.00      155.00      160.00      150.00      155.00   
                :                                                                                   
Pennsylvania ...:  192.00      199.00      192.00      178.00      178.00      180.00      172.00   
South Dakota ...:   92.00       92.00       88.00       86.00       85.00       87.00      103.00   
Texas ..........:  177.00      179.00      166.00      168.00      171.00      172.00      181.00   
Utah ...........:  130.00      125.00      120.00      120.00      120.00      120.00      120.00   
Washington .....:  135.00      125.00      125.00      120.00      115.00      115.00      130.00   
Wisconsin ......:  100.00       94.00       82.00       92.00       91.00       93.00      120.00   
Wyoming ........:  120.00      120.00      115.00      120.00      125.00      125.00      125.00   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:  130.00      127.00      126.00      127.00      134.00      150.00      156.00   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                                     

Alfalfa Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         State        :  April   :   May    :   June   :   July   :  August  :September : October  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                              dollars per ton                               
                      :                                                                            
Alabama 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Alaska 2/ ............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Arizona ..............:  170.00     170.00     180.00     170.00     165.00     160.00     160.00  
Arkansas 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     187.00        (S)  
California ...........:  180.00     180.00     175.00     165.00     160.00     170.00     185.00  
Colorado .............:  170.00     175.00     170.00     170.00     165.00     165.00     165.00  
Connecticut 2/ .......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Delaware 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Florida 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Georgia 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Hawaii 2/ ............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Idaho ................:  130.00     135.00     130.00     140.00     130.00     140.00     135.00  
Illinois .............:  150.00     155.00     150.00     150.00     145.00     145.00     145.00  
Indiana 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     175.00     185.00  
Iowa .................:   89.00      96.00     102.00     110.00     105.00     105.00     106.00  
Kansas ...............:  103.00     112.00     115.00     116.00     124.00     119.00     132.00  
Kentucky .............:  215.00     215.00     210.00     200.00     205.00     205.00     205.00  
Louisiana 2/ .........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Maine 2/ .............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     230.00        (S)  
Maryland 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     188.00        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Massachusetts 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     159.00        (S)  
Michigan .............:  140.00     150.00     155.00     140.00     125.00     145.00     165.00  
Minnesota ............:   76.00      87.00      91.00      86.00      86.00      98.00     108.00  
Mississippi 2/ .......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Missouri .............:  160.00     160.00     150.00     150.00     150.00     150.00     150.00  
Montana ..............:  130.00     130.00     135.00     135.00     145.00     145.00     145.00  
Nebraska .............:   81.00      77.00      86.00      90.00      92.00      90.00      96.00  
Nevada ...............:  170.00     170.00     180.00     180.00     170.00     170.00     180.00  
New Hampshire 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     202.00        (S)  
New Jersey 2/ ........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
New Mexico ...........:  190.00     185.00     185.00     180.00     175.00     175.00     180.00  
New York .............:  240.00     250.00     222.00     206.00     216.00     199.00     219.00  
North Carolina 2/ ....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
North Dakota .........:   80.00      80.00     125.00     107.00     115.00     107.00     102.00  
Ohio .................:  165.00     165.00     180.00     160.00     140.00     170.00     180.00  
Oklahoma .............:  120.00     121.00     129.00     129.00     117.00     112.00     120.00  
Oregon ...............:  150.00     155.00     155.00     180.00     180.00     150.00     180.00  
Pennsylvania .........:  180.00     172.00     157.00     190.00     166.00     177.00     176.00  
Rhode Island 2/ ......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
South Carolina 2/ ....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
South Dakota .........:   87.00     103.00     118.00     110.00     111.00     103.00     106.00  
Tennessee 2/ .........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     215.00        (S)  
Texas ................:  172.00     181.00     190.00     194.00     172.00     162.00     168.00  
Utah .................:  120.00     120.00     125.00     125.00     125.00     135.00     140.00  
Vermont 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      86.00        (S)  
Virginia 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     205.00        (S)  
Washington ...........:  115.00     130.00     160.00     160.00     155.00     155.00     150.00  
West Virginia 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Wisconsin ............:   93.00     120.00     113.00     103.00      97.00     119.00     121.00  
Wyoming ..............:  125.00     125.00     125.00     130.00     135.00     140.00     135.00  
                      :                                                                            
United States 3/ .....:  150.00     156.00     154.00     153.00     147.00     149.00     153.00  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                        --continued

Alfalfa Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year
2017-2018 (continued)
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         State        : November : December :January 1/: February :  March   :  April   :   May    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                              dollars per ton                               
                      :                                                                            
Alabama 2/ ...........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Alaska 2/ ............:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Arizona ..............:  170.00     170.00     180.00     190.00     200.00     210.00     210.00  
Arkansas 2/ ..........:     (S)        (S)     187.00        (S)     187.00        (S)        (S)  
California ...........:  185.00     185.00     200.00     205.00     205.00     205.00     210.00  
Colorado .............:  170.00     170.00     175.00     185.00     190.00     190.00     190.00  
Connecticut 2/ .......:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     189.00        (S)        (S)  
Delaware 2/ ..........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Florida 2/ ...........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Georgia 2/ ...........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Hawaii 2/ ............:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Idaho ................:  140.00     135.00     135.00     130.00     140.00     140.00     135.00  
Illinois .............:  145.00     150.00     155.00     155.00     160.00     155.00     150.00  
Indiana 2/ ...........:  195.00     195.00     205.00     195.00     195.00     215.00     210.00  
Iowa .................:  133.00     117.00     116.00     110.00     127.00     142.00     126.00  
Kansas ...............:  131.00     131.00     135.00     140.00     154.00     159.00     160.00  
Kentucky .............:  205.00     205.00     210.00     215.00     215.00     215.00     215.00  
Louisiana 2/ .........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Maine 2/ .............:     (S)     178.00     178.00        (S)     178.00        (S)        (S)  
Maryland 2/ ..........:     (S)        (S)     160.00        (S)     160.00        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Massachusetts 2/ .....:     (S)        (S)     222.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Michigan .............:  160.00     180.00     180.00     175.00     160.00     200.00     160.00  
Minnesota ............:  134.00     121.00     118.00     117.00     130.00     156.00     144.00  
Mississippi 2/ .......:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Missouri .............:  150.00     150.00     150.00     150.00     155.00     150.00     155.00  
Montana ..............:  145.00     140.00     135.00     140.00     150.00     160.00     155.00  
Nebraska .............:   90.00      94.00     102.00     101.00     113.00     110.00     114.00  
Nevada ...............:  170.00     170.00     190.00     180.00     185.00     180.00     180.00  
New Hampshire 2/ .....:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     170.00        (S)        (S)  
New Jersey 2/ ........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
New Mexico ...........:  180.00     170.00     170.00     175.00     200.00     210.00     240.00  
New York .............:  244.00     235.00     238.00     238.00     190.00     190.00     190.00  
North Carolina 2/ ....:     (S)        (S)     215.00        (S)     220.00        (S)        (S)  
North Dakota .........:  104.00      90.00     108.00     102.00     109.00     110.00     116.00  
Ohio .................:  180.00     180.00     180.00     170.00     190.00     210.00     215.00  
Oklahoma .............:  125.00     126.00     148.00     141.00     145.00     183.00     193.00  
Oregon ...............:  180.00     170.00     180.00     170.00     170.00     180.00     180.00  
Pennsylvania .........:  191.00     190.00     186.00     167.00     178.00     174.00     160.00  
Rhode Island 2/ ......:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
South Carolina 2/ ....:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
South Dakota .........:  115.00     114.00     128.00     119.00     123.00     119.00     116.00  
Tennessee 2/ .........:     (S)     210.00     215.00        (S)     210.00     215.00        (S)  
Texas ................:  174.00     176.00     186.00     196.00     205.00     211.00     212.00  
Utah .................:  140.00     140.00     140.00     145.00     150.00     150.00     150.00  
Vermont 2/ ...........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     217.00        (S)        (S)  
Virginia 2/ ..........:     (S)     215.00     215.00        (S)     215.00     225.00        (S)  
Washington ...........:  150.00     145.00     155.00     160.00     170.00     170.00     175.00  
West Virginia 2/ .....:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Wisconsin ............:  138.00     127.00     130.00     138.00     135.00     165.00     171.00  
Wyoming ..............:  140.00     140.00     145.00     150.00     160.00     165.00     165.00  
                      :                                                                            
United States 3/ .....:  150.00     149.00     153.00     155.00     165.00     183.00     189.00  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                      
(NA) Not available.                                                                                
1/   Second year.                                                                                  
2/   States added September 2017.                                                                  
3/   United States price includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas,    
     Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York,     
     North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington,    
     Wisconsin, and Wyoming.                                                                       

Other Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                  dollars per ton                                  
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:  160.00      160.00      160.00      160.00      160.00      160.00      160.00   
California .....:  115.00      125.00      125.00      125.00      125.00      130.00      135.00   
Colorado .......:  160.00      160.00      170.00      160.00      160.00      155.00      155.00   
Idaho ..........:  140.00      140.00      140.00      140.00      140.00      150.00      150.00   
Illinois .......:  100.00       95.00       95.00       95.00       90.00       95.00       95.00   
Iowa ...........:   83.00       85.00       80.00       78.00       71.00       73.00       78.00   
Kansas .........:   74.00       67.00       75.00       82.00       80.00       74.00       78.00   
Kentucky .......:  110.00      115.00      110.00      110.00      110.00      105.00      110.00   
Michigan .......:  110.00      100.00      100.00      100.00      110.00      110.00      120.00   
Minnesota ......:   56.00       59.00       53.00       49.00       46.00       53.00       59.00   
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:   75.00       75.00       80.00       85.00       80.00       75.00       75.00   
Montana ........:  115.00      115.00      120.00      120.00      125.00      125.00      125.00   
Nebraska .......:   79.00       77.00       79.00       81.00       73.00       67.00       72.00   
Nevada .........:  140.00      130.00      140.00      140.00      135.00      130.00      130.00   
New Mexico .....:  155.00      155.00      145.00      140.00      130.00      130.00      130.00   
New York .......:  173.00      173.00      168.00      163.00      187.00      187.00      197.00   
North Dakota ...:   58.00       57.00       56.00       63.00       67.00       58.00       61.00   
Ohio ...........:  135.00      150.00       85.00      120.00      100.00      115.00      130.00   
Oklahoma .......:   91.00       84.00       87.00       76.00       73.00       65.00       69.00   
Oregon .........:  180.00      190.00      200.00      195.00      180.00      170.00      160.00   
                :                                                                                   
Pennsylvania ...:  190.00      189.00      165.00      158.00      182.00      184.00      186.00   
South Dakota ...:   81.00       82.00       80.00       81.00       74.00       77.00       74.00   
Texas ..........:   87.00       93.00       97.00       96.00      105.00      100.00      101.00   
Utah ...........:  115.00      100.00      100.00      100.00      100.00      110.00      110.00   
Washington .....:  160.00      160.00      170.00      165.00      160.00      155.00      155.00   
Wisconsin ......:   65.00       59.00       64.00       46.00       46.00       59.00       51.00   
Wyoming ........:  100.00      100.00      105.00      110.00      110.00      110.00      100.00   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:  125.00      118.00      115.00      111.00      116.00      113.00      118.00   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                         --continued

Other Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2016-2017 (continued)
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : November  : December  :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                  dollars per ton                                  
                :                                                                                   
Arizona ........:  160.00      155.00      155.00      155.00      160.00      160.00      160.00   
California .....:  130.00      130.00      135.00      140.00      135.00      145.00      130.00   
Colorado .......:  155.00      160.00      160.00      160.00      160.00      175.00      180.00   
Idaho ..........:  150.00      150.00      150.00      150.00      150.00      140.00      140.00   
Illinois .......:  100.00       95.00       95.00       95.00       95.00       90.00       90.00   
Iowa ...........:   84.00       85.00       80.00       76.00       68.00       75.00       75.00   
Kansas .........:   65.00       76.00       73.00       67.00       66.00       69.00       79.00   
Kentucky .......:  110.00      110.00      110.00      110.00      105.00      105.00      110.00   
Michigan .......:  120.00      125.00      120.00      110.00      115.00      115.00      120.00   
Minnesota ......:   55.00       59.00       55.00       55.00       53.00       56.00       64.00   
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:   75.00       75.00       80.00       85.00       85.00       85.00       85.00   
Montana ........:  125.00      130.00      125.00      130.00      130.00      130.00      130.00   
Nebraska .......:   72.00       68.00       68.00       68.00       66.00       67.00       64.00   
Nevada .........:  135.00      125.00      125.00      130.00      140.00      145.00      140.00   
New Mexico .....:  130.00      135.00      135.00      135.00      140.00      160.00      165.00   
New York .......:  185.00      189.00      155.00      184.00      187.00      193.00      217.00   
North Dakota ...:   67.00       72.00       63.00       58.00       56.00       52.00       69.00   
Ohio ...........:  120.00      110.00      100.00      100.00      115.00      110.00      115.00   
Oklahoma .......:   65.00       81.00       84.00       77.00       87.00      101.00       91.00   
Oregon .........:  150.00      140.00      150.00      140.00      150.00      150.00      140.00   
                :                                                                                   
Pennsylvania ...:  188.00      173.00      181.00      175.00      167.00      169.00      165.00   
South Dakota ...:   79.00       80.00       76.00       73.00       75.00       76.00       90.00   
Texas ..........:  102.00       98.00       97.00       89.00       93.00       99.00      105.00   
Utah ...........:  110.00      105.00      105.00      105.00      105.00      105.00      105.00   
Washington .....:  160.00      150.00      155.00      155.00      160.00      155.00      170.00   
Wisconsin ......:   70.00       67.00       58.00       67.00       66.00       70.00       66.00   
Wyoming ........:  100.00      105.00      105.00      105.00      110.00      110.00      110.00   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:  120.00      117.00      118.00      121.00      127.00      131.00      124.00   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                                     

Other Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         State        :  April   :   May    :   June   :   July   :  August  :September : October  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                              dollars per ton                               
                      :                                                                            
Alabama 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Alaska 2/ ............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Arizona ..............:  160.00     160.00     170.00     180.00     175.00     170.00     180.00  
Arkansas 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      99.00      98.00  
California ...........:  145.00     130.00     140.00     145.00     125.00     130.00     130.00  
Colorado .............:  175.00     180.00     175.00     175.00     175.00     175.00     175.00  
Connecticut 2/ .......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      83.00        (S)  
Delaware 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Florida 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Georgia 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Hawaii 2/ ............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Idaho ................:  140.00     140.00     150.00     160.00     160.00     160.00     160.00  
Illinois .............:   90.00      90.00      85.00      85.00      85.00      85.00      85.00  
Indiana 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     130.00     140.00  
Iowa .................:   75.00      75.00      84.00      86.00      83.00      88.00      91.00  
Kansas ...............:   69.00      79.00      81.00      78.00      80.00      75.00      86.00  
Kentucky .............:  105.00     110.00     110.00     100.00     100.00     100.00     100.00  
Louisiana 2/ .........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Maine 2/ .............:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      99.00        (S)  
Maryland 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     122.00        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Massachusetts 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      76.00        (S)  
Michigan .............:  115.00     120.00     110.00     105.00      95.00     110.00     130.00  
Minnesota ............:   56.00      64.00      71.00      67.00      57.00      67.00      69.00  
Mississippi 2/ .......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Missouri .............:   85.00      85.00      85.00      85.00      85.00      85.00      85.00  
Montana ..............:  130.00     130.00     135.00     135.00     140.00     140.00     140.00  
Nebraska .............:   67.00      64.00      74.00      79.00      84.00      75.00      79.00  
Nevada ...............:  145.00     140.00     150.00     160.00     150.00     150.00     150.00  
New Hampshire 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      84.00        (S)  
New Jersey 2/ ........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
New Mexico ...........:  160.00     165.00     165.00     165.00     160.00     160.00     160.00  
New York .............:  193.00     217.00     157.00     167.00     173.00     159.00     151.00  
North Carolina 2/ ....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     115.00     110.00  
North Dakota .........:   52.00      69.00      93.00      84.00      86.00      74.00      70.00  
Ohio .................:  110.00     115.00     110.00     120.00     100.00     120.00     130.00  
Oklahoma .............:  101.00      91.00     100.00      85.00      64.00      67.00      73.00  
Oregon ...............:  150.00     140.00     150.00     180.00     170.00     180.00     160.00  
Pennsylvania .........:  169.00     165.00     146.00     155.00     164.00     155.00     162.00  
Rhode Island 2/ ......:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
South Carolina 2/ ....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
South Dakota .........:   76.00      90.00     102.00      94.00      97.00      79.00      89.00  
Tennessee 2/ .........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     115.00     110.00  
Texas ................:   99.00     105.00     111.00     111.00     105.00     103.00     103.00  
Utah .................:  105.00     105.00     110.00     110.00     110.00     120.00     120.00  
Vermont 2/ ...........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)      74.00        (S)  
Virginia 2/ ..........:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)     110.00     115.00  
Washington ...........:  155.00     170.00     210.00     230.00     220.00     200.00     190.00  
West Virginia 2/ .....:    (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        (S)        (S)  
Wisconsin ............:   70.00      66.00      74.00      70.00      79.00      70.00      92.00  
Wyoming ..............:  110.00     110.00     120.00     120.00     125.00     130.00     130.00  
                      :                                                                            
United States 3/ .....:  131.00     124.00     122.00     120.00     117.00     114.00     120.00  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                        --continued

Other Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018 (continued)
[Marketing year: May-April for United States; April-March for Arizona, California; May-April for
Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah;
June-May for all other monthly estimated States]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         State        : November : December :January 1/: February :  March   :  April   :   May    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                              dollars per ton                               
                      :                                                                            
Alabama 2/ ...........:     (S)        (S)     102.00        (S)        (S)        (S)      93.00  
Alaska 2/ ............:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     360.00     340.00     330.00  
Arizona ..............:  180.00     180.00     190.00     190.00     200.00     200.00     200.00  
Arkansas 2/ ..........:   99.00      96.00      95.00      96.00      97.00        (S)        (S)  
California ...........:  130.00     135.00     140.00     145.00     135.00     135.00     135.00  
Colorado .............:  180.00     180.00     185.00     190.00     190.00     190.00     190.00  
Connecticut 2/ .......:     (S)        (S)     176.00        (S)     159.00        (S)        (S)  
Delaware 2/ ..........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Florida 2/ ...........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Georgia 2/ ...........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Hawaii 2/ ............:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Idaho ................:  160.00     160.00     160.00     160.00     155.00     160.00     160.00  
Illinois .............:   85.00      90.00      95.00     100.00     110.00     100.00      95.00  
Indiana 2/ ...........:  150.00     150.00     160.00     155.00     155.00     170.00     165.00  
Iowa .................:  103.00      83.00     102.00      94.00     116.00     122.00     125.00  
Kansas ...............:   79.00      73.00      79.00      76.00      90.00      96.00     116.00  
Kentucky .............:  105.00     110.00     115.00     120.00     125.00     130.00     130.00  
Louisiana 2/ .........:     (S)        (S)        (S)      95.00      97.00      97.00      98.00  
Maine 2/ .............:     (S)     150.00     150.00        (S)     117.00        (S)        (S)  
Maryland 2/ ..........:     (S)     137.00     116.00        (S)     119.00        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
Massachusetts 2/ .....:     (S)        (S)     132.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Michigan .............:  135.00     145.00     150.00     145.00     130.00     160.00     145.00  
Minnesota ............:   84.00      82.00      82.00      90.00     102.00     127.00     107.00  
Mississippi 2/ .......:     (S)        (S)        (S)      90.00      91.00      91.00      91.00  
Missouri .............:   85.00      85.00      90.00      90.00      90.00      90.00      95.00  
Montana ..............:  140.00     135.00     130.00     130.00     130.00     135.00     135.00  
Nebraska .............:   73.00      77.00      77.00      79.00      79.00      74.00      70.00  
Nevada ...............:  160.00     160.00     145.00     150.00     150.00     150.00     150.00  
New Hampshire 2/ .....:     (S)     150.00     150.00        (S)     131.00        (S)        (S)  
New Jersey 2/ ........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     102.00     122.00        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
New Mexico ...........:  160.00     155.00     155.00     160.00     160.00     170.00     170.00  
New York .............:  131.00     133.00     137.00     137.00     120.00     120.00     120.00  
North Carolina 2/ ....:  115.00     110.00     115.00     120.00     125.00        (S)        (S)  
North Dakota .........:   78.00      67.00      79.00      79.00      79.00      75.00      70.00  
Ohio .................:  110.00     110.00     110.00     100.00     115.00     150.00     135.00  
Oklahoma .............:   65.00      68.00      72.00      91.00      88.00      86.00      96.00  
Oregon ...............:  180.00     160.00     150.00     150.00     160.00     170.00     160.00  
Pennsylvania .........:  163.00     170.00     179.00     157.00     150.00     154.00     133.00  
Rhode Island 2/ ......:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
South Carolina 2/ ....:  134.00        (S)        (S)        (S)     152.00        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                            
South Dakota .........:   95.00      94.00      94.00      86.00     100.00     106.00      95.00  
Tennessee 2/ .........:  120.00     120.00     120.00     115.00     120.00     120.00     115.00  
Texas ................:  105.00     108.00     102.00      95.00      97.00     106.00     112.00  
Utah .................:  120.00     120.00     120.00     120.00     125.00     125.00     125.00  
Vermont 2/ ...........:     (S)        (S)     164.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Virginia 2/ ..........:  120.00     125.00     130.00     125.00     130.00     140.00     130.00  
Washington ...........:  190.00     190.00     220.00     230.00     200.00     200.00     210.00  
West Virginia 2/ .....:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Wisconsin ............:  103.00      94.00      94.00      96.00      90.00     120.00     109.00  
Wyoming ..............:  130.00     130.00     130.00     135.00     140.00     140.00     140.00  
                      :                                                                            
United States 3/ .....:  118.00     119.00     123.00     123.00     124.00     124.00     122.00  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                      
(NA) Not available.                                                                                
1/   Second year.                                                                                  
2/   States added September 2017.                                                                  
3/   United States price includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas,    
     Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York,     
     North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington,    
     Wisconsin, and Wyoming.                                                                       

Peanut Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017
and 2017-2018
[Marketing year: August 1 to July 31 for United States and all estimating States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                               2016-2017                               
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  :January 1/ 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                           dollars per pound                           
                :                                                                       
Alabama ........:    0.181       0.189       0.177       0.173       0.187       0.188  
Arkansas .......:    0.182       0.172       0.189       0.198         (D)       0.183  
Florida ........:    0.181       0.191       0.193       0.187       0.185       0.195  
Georgia ........:    0.195       0.185       0.172       0.165       0.181       0.187  
Mississippi ....:    0.172       0.174       0.175       0.157       0.165       0.171  
New Mexico .....:      (S)         (S)       0.207       0.201         (S)       0.193  
North Carolina .:      (D)         (S)       0.212       0.241         (D)       0.214  
Oklahoma .......:    0.205       0.214       0.218       0.218       0.205       0.214  
South Carolina .:    0.133       0.200       0.196       0.187       0.184       0.200  
Texas ..........:    0.201       0.198       0.259       0.247       0.204       0.230  
Virginia .......:      (S)         (S)       0.209       0.202       0.187       0.206  
                :                                                                       
United States ..:    0.190       0.191       0.195       0.190       0.186       0.198  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                           dollars per pound                           
                :                                                                       
Alabama ........:    0.198       0.204       0.202       0.180       0.213       0.238  
Arkansas .......:    0.183       0.191       0.187       0.183       0.185       0.183  
Florida ........:    0.191       0.199       0.193       0.195       0.198       0.199  
Georgia ........:    0.186       0.187       0.191       0.188       0.194       0.191  
Mississippi ....:    0.174       0.188       0.187       0.183       0.181       0.196  
New Mexico .....:      (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)  
North Carolina .:    0.216       0.204         (D)       0.222       0.208       0.209  
Oklahoma .......:    0.213       0.202       0.211       0.211       0.204       0.257  
South Carolina .:    0.214       0.191       0.193       0.195       0.193       0.192  
Texas ..........:    0.252       0.308       0.218       0.213       0.202       0.225  
Virginia .......:    0.207       0.208       0.208       0.208       0.207       0.206  
                :                                                                       
United States ..:    0.201       0.206       0.198       0.194       0.197       0.205  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                               2017-2018                               
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  :January 1/ 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                           dollars per pound                           
                :                                                                       
Alabama ........:    0.208       0.225       0.232       0.217       0.199       0.232  
Arkansas .......:    0.194       0.196       0.216       0.210       0.214       0.214  
Florida ........:    0.201       0.236       0.238       0.234       0.241       0.236  
Georgia ........:    0.193       0.227       0.215       0.210       0.225       0.225  
Mississippi ....:    0.208       0.219       0.191       0.181       0.192       0.211  
New Mexico .....:      (S)         (S)       0.267       0.261       0.633         (S)  
North Carolina .:      (D)       0.239       0.249       0.238       0.228       0.223  
Oklahoma .......:    0.248         (S)       0.255       0.256       0.251       0.256  
South Carolina .:    0.190       0.242       0.225       0.217       0.235       0.229  
Texas ..........:    0.195       0.240       0.287       0.304       0.271       0.277  
Virginia .......:      (S)       0.248       0.247       0.241       0.241       0.233  
                :                                                                       
United States ..:    0.197       0.230       0.232       0.227       0.230       0.229  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                           dollars per pound                           
                :                                                                       
Alabama ........:    0.216       0.226       0.220       0.226       0.219       0.198  
Arkansas .......:    0.208       0.208       0.196       0.190       0.191       0.211  
Florida ........:    0.200       0.227       0.216       0.202       0.239       0.201  
Georgia ........:    0.228       0.226       0.224       0.220       0.221       0.219  
Mississippi ....:    0.199       0.213       0.188       0.240       0.203       0.181  
New Mexico .....:      (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)  
North Carolina .:      (D)       0.240       0.232       0.240       0.238       0.245  
Oklahoma .......:    0.255       0.245       0.244       0.249       0.244         (S)  
South Carolina .:    0.208       0.227       0.216       0.231       0.224       0.173  
Texas ..........:    0.261       0.385       0.320       0.250       0.247       0.258  
Virginia .......:    0.219       0.211       0.238       0.243       0.242       0.240  
                :                                                                       
United States ..:    0.227       0.244       0.233       0.227       0.227       0.224  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                        
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                            
1/  Second year.                                                                        

All Barley Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018
[Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average
prices. Blank cells indicate month is outside State's designated marketing year]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State and    :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
     marketing    :  Jun  :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  
       year       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                                                   %                                                   
                  :                                                                                                       
California        :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:   25      41       1       -       -       4      11       2      12       -       4       -          
  2017-2018 ......:   33      13       5      12      12       2      13       7       2       -       -       1          
Colorado          :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:            4      19      13       8      15       7       6      12       6       5       2       3  
  2017-2018 ......:            3      19      16       4       9       3       6      19       7       3       8       3  
Idaho             :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:            8      25       8       4       7       8       7      10       8       6       7       2  
  2017-2018 ......:            5      21       9       6       7       9      11       5       7       6       7       7  
Minnesota         :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:           22       5       6       4       2       6       9      19       8       4       4      11  
  2017-2018 ......:            5       4       3       2      17       8      13      10      17       9       8       4  
                  :                                                                                                       
Montana           :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:            6      15       5       6       8       9       7      24       8       4       5       3  
  2017-2018 ......:           17      13       5       3       4      13       9       6      15       7       4       4  
North Dakota      :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:           10      13       5       4       7       5      14      11       7       9       5      10  
  2017-2018 ......:           12       9       8       5       8       9      10      10       7       9       5       8  
Oregon 1/         :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:         (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)  
  2017-2018 ......:         (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)  
Utah 1/           :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:         (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)  
  2017-2018 ......:         (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)  
                  :                                                                                                       
Washington        :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:            1      28      26      14      10       4       6       4       2       2       2       1  
  2017-2018 ......:            2      11      21      39       4       2       2       2       3       1       1      12  
Wyoming           :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:           12      49      10       1       8       6       3       9       2       -       -       -  
  2017-2018 ......:            7      58       7       2       2       2       1       1      20       -       -       -  
                  :                                                                                                       
United States     :                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:  4.6     8.3    19.7     7.7     5.0     8.0     7.2     8.2    14.0     7.0     5.7     4.6          
  2017-2018 ......: (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                                                                     
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                       
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in July 2016.                                                                         

Oats Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018
[Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average prices. Blank cells
indicate month is outside State's designated marketing year]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State and    :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
     marketing    :  May  :  Jun  :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  :  Jul  
       year       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                                                           %                                                           
                  :                                                                                                                       
Illinois          :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                   34      42       -       6       -       5       2       2       5       -       4      -           
  2017-2018 ......:                    7       5      44      12       -       -      12       2       5       -       8      5           
Iowa              :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                   26      30      13       4       4       3       5       1       1       3       3      7           
  2017-2018 ......:                   17      55       4       3       8       1       1       1       2       1       5      2           
Michigan          :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                    7      37       4       3       3       2       7      14       8       6       4      5           
  2017-2018 ......:                    2      41       7       9       2       6      10       4       7       4       4      4           
Minnesota         :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                   27      28      14       5       3       5       3       2       7       3       2      1           
  2017-2018 ......:                   11      42       5       9       6       1       3       4       9       5       3      2           
                  :                                                                                                                       
Montana           :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                   14      19      17       -      10      13       8      11       4       1       -      3           
  2017-2018 ......:                    -       8       8       -       3       -       5       5       -      56       -     15           
Nebraska          :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                   15      18       3      15       3       4       8       2      15       5       7      5           
  2017-2018 ......:                   14      16      37       1       2       4       3       4       3       9       6      1           
New York          :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                           74       7       7       -       6       4       1       -       -       -      1       -   
  2017-2018 ......:                           71       -      10       -       5       -       -      12       -       2      -       -   
North Dakota      :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                    4      25      10       3       6       8       4       6      24       4       4      2           
  2017-2018 ......:                    2      48      21       6       1       1       3       5       8       3       1      1           
                  :                                                                                                                       
Oregon            :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                    -      28      39       8       8       -       -       -      10       4       -      3           
  2017-2018 ......:                    9       9       9       9       8       8       8       8       8       8       8      8           
Pennsylvania      :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                   20      29       4       1       1       2      11       7       3       6      14      2           
  2017-2018 ......:                    3      24       5       6       8       7      11       -      11      10       3     12           
South Dakota      :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                   33      13       8       9       2       2       7       8       8       6       2      2           
  2017-2018 ......:                   23      18      10      16       2       3       3       4       5       4       6      6           
Texas             :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:  62       31       -       -       4       3       -       -       -       -       -       -                          
  2017-2018 ......:  28        -       -       -       -       -       -       -      72       -       -       -                          
Wisconsin         :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:                    8      44       8       2       2       5       4       3       6       7       6      5           
  2017-2018 ......:                    7      32      11       5       2       3       6       3       5      11      13      2           
                  :                                                                                                                       
United States     :                                                                                                                       
  2016-2017 ......:          5.1    19.1    27.5     9.7     4.9     2.9     4.4     4.5     4.4     8.9     4.7     3.9                  
  2017-2018 ......:          3.8    10.2    34.7    10.3     8.0     3.5     2.3     5.7     3.3     6.8     5.9     5.5                  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                                                                       

All Wheat Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018
[Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average prices.
Blank cells indicate month is outside State's designated marketing year]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State and    :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
     marketing    :  May  :  Jun  :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  
       year       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                                                       %                                                       
                  :                                                                                                               
Arizona           :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:          63      14       5       1       1       5       5       5       -       -       -       1           
  2017-2018 ......:          59      21       3       -       1       6       6       2       -       -       -       2           
Arkansas          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:          73       4       9       1       1       1       1       4       -       -       2       4           
  2017-2018 ......:          71      15       -       1       1       2       2       -       2       -       1       5           
California        :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:          40      15       9       2       4       3      12       7       5       1       1       1           
  2017-2018 ......:          62      21       2       1       1       1       3       4       2       1       2       -           
Colorado          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                  16      22       8       5       3       4      12       7       2       7       5       9   
  2017-2018 ......:                  27       7       9       4       4       6      16       9       6       5       4       3   
                  :                                                                                                               
Idaho             :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   5      25       9       8       5       7       9       7       6       5      10       4   
  2017-2018 ......:                   5      27      10       6       4       8      11       5       7       6       6       5   
Illinois          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:          38      17      16       7       1       1       5       4       7       2       1       1           
  2017-2018 ......:          51      24      10       2       1       1       1       4       3       1       1       1           
Indiana           :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:          22      35       8      13       8       2       2       6       1       1       1       1           
  2017-2018 ......:          37      41      10       2       1       1       -       1       3       2       1       1           
Kansas            :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:          15      21      17      12       6       4       5       8       5       2       2       3           
  2017-2018 ......:          28      26       9       6       3       4       5       7       4       3       2       3           
                  :                                                                                                               
Michigan          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                  33      23      13       7       3       2       4       6       2       2       2       3   
  2017-2018 ......:                  40      21      10       3       2       4       5       5       4       3       2       1   
Minnesota         :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   9      20       6       2       3      10      16       8       8       4       3      11   
  2017-2018 ......:                   6       9      10       3       7      18      11       9       7      10       8       2   
Missouri          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:          35      21      13       5       1       2       4       5       4       3       3       4           
  2017-2018 ......:          52      23       7       3       1       1       1       4       3       2       2       1           
Montana           :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                  13      13       7       6       7       5       7       5      11       9       6      11   
  2017-2018 ......:                  11      12       9       5       7      11      10       6       7       8       5       9   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                                                       --continued

All Wheat Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 (continued)
[Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average prices. Blank
cells indicate month is outside State's designated marketing year]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State and     :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
      marketing     :  May  :  Jun  :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  
        year        :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                                                       %                                                       
                    :                                                                                                               
Nebraska            :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:                   27      17      12       5       2       4       7       5       3       3       6      9   
  2017-2018 ........:                   39      13       8       4       4       5      10       9       3       1       2      2   
North Carolina      :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:           35      16      10       8       4       3       5       4       4       4       3       4          
  2017-2018 ........:           35      24       7       4       5       4       5       4       4       4       2       2          
North Dakota        :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:                    7      17       8       6       6       9      15       9       7       4       3      9   
  2017-2018 ........:                    9      15      11       4       7       9      13       6       7       6       6      7   
Ohio                :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:                   42       8       7       4       1       3       7       6       2       1       1     18   
  2017-2018 ........:                   62       9       4       3       2       1       5       2       2       1       2      7   
                    :                                                                                                               
Oklahoma            :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:           30       7       6      23       4       4       5       7       3       2       1       8          
  2017-2018 ........:           42      12       3       4       2       5       8       8       4       5       3       4          
Oregon              :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:                    4       8       6       6       7       9      21      10       7       4       9      9   
  2017-2018 ........:                    6      22      12       6       4       8      15       7       5       9       3      3   
South Dakota        :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:                   13      21       7       6       3       4      11       9       7       4       6      9   
  2017-2018 ........:                   20      15       7       3       4       5       9       9      10       6       7      5   
Texas               :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:  13       43      18       7       4       3       1       3       3       3       1       1                  
  2017-2018 ........:  10       27       8       2       2       1       1      17      16      15       1       -                  
Washington          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:                    2      10      13      16       9      11       7      10       6       5       6      5   
  2017-2018 ........:                    5      16      17      10       8      11      12       7       6       5       2      1   
                    :                                                                                                               
United States       :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ........:         14.4    14.4    15.3    10.6     6.2     4.4     6.2     9.2     6.3     4.5     3.6     4.9          
  2017-2018 ........:         19.0    16.4    11.4     8.0     4.0     4.8     7.9     9.5     5.9     4.9     4.2     4.0          
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                                                                 

All Hay Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018
[Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average prices.
Blank cells indicate month is outside State's designated marketing year]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State and    :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
     marketing    :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  
       year       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                                                       %                                                       
                  :                                                                                                               
Arizona           :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  18      10      10      11      10       9       8       6       5       4       4       5                   
  2017-2018 ......:  17      10      10      12      10       9       8       6       5       4       4       5                   
California        :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:   7      12      13      13      11      11      10       6       5       4       4       4                   
  2017-2018 ......:   7      12      13      13      11      11      10       6       5       4       4       4                   
Colorado          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:           3       9      14      13      12      11       9       9       6       5       5       4           
  2017-2018 ......:           3       9      14      13      12      11       9       9       6       5       5       4           
Idaho             :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                  10      15      13      13      12       9       9       5       4       4       4       2   
  2017-2018 ......:                  10      15      13      13      12       9       9       5       4       4       4       2   
                  :                                                                                                               
Illinois          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                  17      13       9       7       4       8       9      10       8       7       4       4   
  2017-2018 ......:                  17      13       9       7       4       8       9      10       8       7       4       4   
Iowa              :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   3       7       7       6       5       9      14      16      12      11       6       4   
  2017-2018 ......:                   3       7       7       6       5       9      14      16      12      11       6       4   
Kansas            :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:           6      11      10       7       8      10      13      11      10       9       3       2           
  2017-2018 ......:           6      10      11       8       9      10      11      11       9       9       4       2           
Kentucky          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:           5      14      10       6       8       9      10      11      10       9       5       3           
  2017-2018 ......:           5      12      10       6       8       9      10      11      10       9       5       5           
                  :                                                                                                               
Michigan          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                  15      14      14      11       6       6       6       7       6       7       4       4   
  2017-2018 ......:                  14      15      13      10       6       6       7       7       6       7       5       4   
Minnesota         :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   9      13       9       7       8       8       8      11       8       9       5       5   
  2017-2018 ......:                   9      13       9       7       8       8       8      11       8       9       5       5   
Missouri          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:           5      11      10       9       8       7       5       9      13      11       9       3           
  2017-2018 ......:           5      11      10       9       8       7       5       9      13      11       9       3           
Montana           :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   4      13      12      11       9      11      12       9       8       6       3       2   
  2017-2018 ......:                   4      13      12      11       9      11      12       9       8       6       3       2   
                  :                                                                                                               
Nebraska          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   3       4       6       9      12      17      12      13      10       7       4       3   
  2017-2018 ......:                   3       4       6       9      12      17      12      13      10       7       4       3   
Nevada            :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:           4       6      14      12      13      12      10       8       6       7       5       3           
  2017-2018 ......:           4       6      14      12      13      12      10       8       6       7       5       3           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                                                       --continued

All Hay Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 (continued)
[Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average prices.
Blank cells indicate month is outside State's designated marketing year]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State and    :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
     marketing    :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  
       year       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                                                       %                                                       
                  :                                                                                                               
New Mexico        :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:           13      18      16      13      12       9       5       4       3       3       2       2          
  2017-2018 ......:           13      17      17      13      12       9       5       4       3       3       2       2          
New York          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                    7       7       6       4       4      11      11      13      11      12       9      5   
  2017-2018 ......:                    7       8       7       5       5      11      10      11      11      12       8      5   
North Dakota      :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                    3       6      10      11      15      19      11      10       5       4       3      3   
  2017-2018 ......:                    3       6      10      11      15      19      11      10       5       4       3      3   
Ohio              :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   10       9       9       9       6       7       9      13      11       9       4      4   
  2017-2018 ......:                   11      10      10       8       7       8       9      10      10       9       4      4   
                  :                                                                                                               
Oklahoma          :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:            7      13      21      12      11       6       5       6       5       3       4       7          
  2017-2018 ......:            7      14      19      12      12       6       5       6       5       3       4       7          
Oregon            :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                    6      15      11      11      11       8       8       7       8       6       5      4   
  2017-2018 ......:                    6      15      11      12      11       8       8       7       7       6       5      4   
Pennsylvania      :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:            5       7       9       8       9       9       9       9      10       9       9       7          
  2017-2018 ......:            5       7       9       8       9       9       9       9      10       9       9       7          
South Dakota      :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                    4       6       8       8      11      12      12      10      10       8       7      4   
  2017-2018 ......:                    4       6       8       8      11      12      12      10      10       8       7      4   
                  :                                                                                                               
Texas             :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:            6       9      10      10      10      10      10      10      10       7       5       3          
  2017-2018 ......:            6       9      10      10      10      10      10      10      10       7       5       3          
Utah              :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:            5      12      12      13      12       9       8       6       7       7       5       4          
  2017-2018 ......:            5      12      12      13      12       9       8       6       7       7       5       4          
Washington        :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   12      15      13      12       9       8       7       6       5       5       4      4   
  2017-2018 ......:                   12      15      13      12       9       8       7       6       5       5       4      4   
Wisconsin         :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                   21      15      12       9       6       6       5       7       7       5       4      3   
  2017-2018 ......:                   19      16      13       9       7       6       5       6       7       5       4      3   
Wyoming           :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:                    3       7      13      13      11      11      10       8       8       8       5      3   
  2017-2018 ......:                    3       7      13      12      12      11      10       8       8       8       5      3   
                  :                                                                                                               
United States     :                                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:          5.9    10.0    12.3    10.6    10.3     9.3     8.6     8.1     7.4     6.4     5.5     5.6          
  2017-2018 ......:          5.9     9.9    12.2    10.7    10.4     9.3     8.6     8.1     7.3     6.4     5.6     5.6          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Peanut Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018
[Monthly farm marketings as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average prices]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State and    :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
     marketing    :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  :  Jul  
       year       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       :       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                                               %                                               
                  :                                                                                               
Alabama           :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  7.0     6.2     5.6     4.4     9.4     5.7    10.5    17.6    11.8     7.2     5.3     9.4  
  2017-2018 ......:  9.4     9.2    13.5     4.6     2.0     6.3    10.3    10.3    13.7     7.4     8.1     5.3  
Arkansas 1/ ......:                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......: 12.7     0.3     4.3     2.8       -     1.5     3.3     4.4    17.1    15.9    23.3    14.4  
  2017-2018 ......:  4.0     4.7    37.2    26.3    12.5     4.0     2.0     1.4     5.4     0.8     1.2     0.6  
Florida           :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  4.1    10.2    18.3     9.2     5.6     8.0     8.7     9.2     9.2     6.3     5.8     5.2  
  2017-2018 ......:  4.8    22.1    18.1     2.7     8.8     8.1     7.2     4.4     3.0     5.2    12.0     3.7  
Georgia           :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  9.3     5.4     8.9     6.7     6.1    11.2    11.4     9.4     8.8     7.4     8.2     7.3  
  2017-2018 ......:  4.8    12.1    14.5     6.5     4.7     7.6     8.3    12.2     8.1     8.2     9.7     3.4  
Mississippi       :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  0.1     4.0     8.3     4.2     2.0     5.4     8.2    12.5    31.9     9.0     7.7     6.8  
  2017-2018 ......: 10.3    34.7     6.1     3.4     6.3     5.5     7.5     5.0     4.6     0.4    11.0     5.3  
                  :                                                                                               
New Mexico        :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:    -       -    10.4    63.7       -    26.0       -       -       -       -       -       -  
  2017-2018 ......:    -       -    76.7    17.1     6.2       -       -       -       -       -       -       -  
North Carolina    :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  1.6       -     2.8     7.7     2.6     3.8     4.7     9.6    10.0    13.5    19.5    24.3  
  2017-2018 ......:  1.1     5.5    12.0     5.7    14.5     8.2     2.2     8.4     9.9     9.3    15.2     7.9  
Oklahoma          :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  6.8     9.7    11.7     5.5     1.5    20.1     5.0     5.5     5.3     7.5    20.1     1.4  
  2017-2018 ......:  6.1       -    26.1     9.4     8.7     1.2     4.0     2.7    10.3    17.4    14.2       -  
South Carolina    :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  4.6    15.5    12.5     4.2    11.6     6.7     3.8     6.5    10.6     5.6    10.2     8.3  
  2017-2018 ......: 10.0    16.3     4.8     5.7     9.7     8.7     4.4     8.0     8.3    11.4    11.0     1.6  
                  :                                                                                               
Texas             :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  8.6     5.2    10.5     8.2     5.4    12.1    11.0     7.0     9.4     8.3     7.8     6.6  
  2017-2018 ......:  9.0     1.6    20.7     9.7     4.2     4.9     9.7    12.5    10.4     7.7     3.5     6.2  
Virginia          :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:    -       -     7.9     4.4    16.8     3.4    12.6    12.7    22.9     9.8     0.3     9.4  
  2017-2018 ......:    -     7.6    15.8     8.7    11.2     0.3     2.9     9.4    13.9    10.7    10.9     8.7  
                  :                                                                                               
United States     :                                                                                               
  2016-2017 ......:  7.5     6.4     9.5     6.7     6.5     9.5     9.8     9.8    10.2     7.7     8.4     8.0  
  2017-2018 ......:  5.6    11.4    15.0     6.9     6.7     7.1     7.1    10.0     8.5     7.9     9.7     4.1  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                                               

Reliability of Prices Received Estimates

Definition: Prices received represent sales from producers to first buyers. 
They include all grades and qualities. The average commodity price from the 
survey multiplied by the total quantity marketed theoretically should give 
the total cash receipts for the commodity.

Survey procedures: Primary sales data used to determine grain prices were 
obtained from probability samples of about 1,900 mills and elevators. These 
procedures ensure that virtually all grain moving into commercial channels 
has a chance of being included in the survey. Generally, States surveyed 
account for 90 percent or more of total United States production. Livestock 
prices are obtained from packers, stockyards, auctions, dealers, and market 
check data from AMS-USDA, private marketing organizations, and state 
commodity groups and agencies. Inter-farm sales of grain and livestock are 
not included since they represent very small percentages of the total sales. 
Grain marketed for seed is also excluded. Fruit and vegetable prices are 
obtained from sample surveys and market check data from AMS-USDA, private 
marketing organizations, state agencies, and universities.

Summary and estimation procedures: Survey quantities sold are expanded by 
strata to state levels and used to weight average strata prices to a state 
average. State prices are then weighted to a United States price based on 
expanded sales. Recommendations are prepared by the Regional Field Offices 
and reviewed by the Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. State 
recommendations are reviewed for reasonableness with survey data, other 
States, and recent historic estimates.

Revisions: In general, revisions are made during annual commodity market year 
estimation time, following five-year Census revisions, or when later 
information is received. Revisions are published in monthly issues of 
Agricultural Prices. 

Reliability: United States price estimates based on probability surveys 
generally have a sampling error of less than one percent for the major 
commodities such as corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton, and rice. Current methods 
of summarization for non-probability commodities are not designed directly to 
calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures approximate the 
United States relative sampling errors at around five percent. Any non-
sampling errors are attributed to such things as the inability to obtain 
correct information, differences in interpreting questions or definitions, 
mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. Efforts are made at each step 
in the survey process to minimize these non-sampling errors.

Program Changes: After the Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource 
Economics (C-FARE) 2009 program review which included changes in farm production 
practices, plans were implemented to make necessary program improvements in the 
agricultural price program. The index group structure for prices received was 
modified to maintain a more universal structure and consistency with the 
required 1910-1914 series.
 Modifications implemented January 2014 include the following: updated the 
current 1990-1992 base reference period to 2011; linked the 1910-1914 series to 
the updated base reference period, 2011; created index groups used universally 
by researchers, data users, and policymakers; and re-classified agricultural 
commodities into the index groups. Also the modifications expanded the commodity 
coverage for vegetable, melon, non-citrus, and tree nuts; updated monthly market 
weights; and adjusted (normalized) current five year moving average cash 
receipts and farm input cost weights.
Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and 
replaced the annual average index with an annual index.
The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period 
indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. The 1910-1914 base period indexes 
remain rounded to the nearest whole number.
See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details.

July Prices Paid by Farmers

The July Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, and 
Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 108.7, is down 0.2 percent from June 2018 but up 
2.1 percent from July 2017. 
 
Production: The July index, at 106.1, is down 0.2 percent from June but up 
1.5 percent from last year. Lower prices for feeder pigs, complete feeds, 
feed grains, and supplements more than offset higher prices for feeder 
cattle, self-propelled machinery, repairs, and other services.

Feed: At 100.1, the July index decreased 1.3 percent from June but 
increased 5.4 percent from last July. Since June, lower prices for 
complete feeds, feed grains, supplements, and concentrates more than 
offset higher prices for hay and forages.

Livestock and poultry: The July index, at 100.8, decreased 0.8 percent 
from June and 6.1 percent from last year. Since June, lower prices for 
feeder pigs and milk cows more than offset higher prices for feeder 
cattle. The July feeder cattle price, at $146.00 per cwt, is up $2.00 per 
cwt from the June price. The July feeder pig price averaged $67.00 per cwt 
and is down $35.00 per cwt from June.

Fertilizer: The index for July, at 66.1, is up 0.2 percent from June but 
unchanged from July a year ago. Since June, higher prices for mixed 
fertilizer and potash & phosphate more than offset lower prices for 
nitrogen.

Chemicals: The July index, at 105.3, is up 0.4 percent from June and 
3.5 percent from last July.

Fuels: At 69.9, the July index is up 0.6 percent from June and 20 percent 
from July 2017. Compared with June, prices are higher for LP gas but lower 
for diesel and gasoline.

Machinery: The index for July, at 118.9, increased 0.6 percent from June 
and 1.1 percent from last July. Compared with last month, prices are 
higher for self-propelled machinery and other machinery. 

Consumer Price Index: The July 2018 Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U), as issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, increased 
2.9 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 252.006 (1982-
1984=100). For the month, the index increased slightly prior to seasonal 
adjustment.

Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass.usda.gov]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :             1910-1914 Base              :                2011 Base                
           Index Group           :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               and               :    July     :    June     :    July     :    July     :    June     :    July     
              Ratios             :    2017     :    2018     :    2018     :    2017     :    2018     :    2018     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                                      percent                                      
                                 :                                                                                   
Prices paid by farmers for       :                                                                                   
commodities, services,           :                                                                                   
interest, taxes, and wage        :                                                                                   
rates (PPITW) ...................:    2882          2946          2943          106.5         108.9         108.7    
  Production ....................:    2174          2212          2208          104.5         106.3         106.1    
    Feed ........................:    1046          1117          1103           95.0         101.4         100.1    
    Livestock and poultry .......:    2120          2007          1990          107.4         101.6         100.8    
    Seeds .......................:    3934          3885          3885          119.7         118.2         118.2    
    Fertilizer ..................:     796           795           796           66.1          66.0          66.1    
    Chemicals ...................:     913           942           946          101.7         104.9         105.3    
    Fuels .......................:    1630          1944          1956           58.3          69.5          69.9    
    Supplies and repairs ........:    1277          1312          1320          108.3         111.2         111.9    
                                 :                                                                                   
    Autos and trucks ............:    3244          3250          3247          105.6         105.7         105.6    
    Machinery ...................:    7187          7225          7264          117.6         118.2         118.9    
    Building materials ..........:    2566          2733          2729          110.3         117.5         117.3    
    Services and rent ...........:    2496          2478          2481           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
    Services ....................:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          113.2         114.9         115.1    
    Rent ........................:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          123.8         119.5         119.5    
                                 :                                                                                   
  Interest 1/ ...................:    4092          4327          4327          112.2         118.7         118.7    
  Taxes 2/ ......................:    6904          6952          6952          116.3         117.1         117.1    
  Wage rates ....................:    8466          8780          8780          118.2         122.6         122.6    
  Family living-CPI 3/ ..........:    2325          2394          2394          108.8         112.0         112.1    
                                 :                                                                                   
Production, interest, taxes, ....:                                                                                   
  and wage rates (PITW) .........:    2993          3056          3052          106.1         108.4         108.2    
                                 :                                                                                   
Ratio (received/paid) ...........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)             91            87            84    
Parity ratio 4/ .................:      34            33            32           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
Parity ratio adjusted 5/ ........:      35            34            33           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
PPITW adjusted for               :                                                                                   
  productivity 6/ ...............:    1485          1600          1600           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
                                 :                                                                                   
Crop sector (PPITW) .............:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          107.9         110.0         110.1    
Livestock sector (PPITW) ........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          105.0         107.5         107.2    
                                 :                                                                                   
Farm sector (production) ........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          103.8         104.8         103.9    
Non-farm sector (production) ....:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          104.9         107.1         107.4    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                  
1/   Interest per acre on farm real estate debt and interest rate on farm non-real estate debt.                      
2/   Farm real estate taxes payable per acre.                                                                        
3/   Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers (CPI-U), converted by the USDA.        
4/   Ratio of index of prices received to PPITW (1910-1914=100).                                                     
5/   Based on estimated cash receipts, from marketings and government payments, the preliminary adjustment factor is 
     1.026 for 2018 and the revised factor is 1.026 for 2017.                                                        
6/   PPITW is adjusted based on productivity trend for the prior 15 years.                                           

Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components -
United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Relative weights are a five year moving average]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :    Relative weights     :     Indexes (2011=100)      
                             :-------------------------------------------------------
         Index Group         :            :            :  July   :  June   :  July   
                             :    2017    :    2018    :  2017   :  2018   :  2018   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :                        percent                        
                             :                                                       
Production items ............:    74.9         73.5       104.5     106.3     106.1  
                             :                                                       
  Feed ......................:    13.4         13.3        95.0     101.4     100.1  
    Feed grains .............:     1.9          1.9        59.8      62.0      59.9  
    Complete feeds ..........:     6.6          6.5       102.2     107.1     105.3  
    Hay and forages .........:     1.7          1.6        92.3     102.5     103.4  
    Concentrates ............:     2.1          2.1        99.2     112.5     112.4  
    Supplements .............:     1.1          1.2       108.8     112.2     110.4  
  Livestock and poultry .....:    10.3          8.2       107.4     101.6     100.8  
    Feeder cattle ...........:     8.0          6.4       108.4     104.8     106.6  
    Feeder pigs .............:     0.8          0.6        90.7      72.9      47.9  
    Milk cow replacements ...:     0.9          0.7       114.1      95.8      93.0  
    Poultry .................:     0.6          0.5       107.0     107.0     107.0  
                             :                                                       
  Seeds .....................:     5.1          5.3       119.7     118.2     118.2  
    Field crops .............:     4.6          4.8       119.2     116.9     116.9  
    Grasses and legumes .....:     0.5          0.5       125.1     131.0     131.0  
  Fertilizer ................:     5.8          5.2        66.1      66.0      66.1  
    Mixed fertilizer ........:     2.6          2.3        66.1      67.0      67.7  
    Nitrogen ................:     2.4          2.2        67.1      66.2      65.5  
    Potash and phosphate ....:     0.8          0.7        63.4      62.1      63.0  
  Chemicals .................:     3.3          3.6       101.7     104.9     105.3  
    Herbicides ..............:     2.0          2.3       104.0     107.1     107.5  
    Insecticides ............:     0.8          0.8       100.7     103.3     103.7  
    Fungicides and other ....:     0.5          0.5        92.8      97.4      97.8  
                             :                                                       
  Fuels .....................:     2.5          2.4        58.3      69.5      69.9  
    Diesel ..................:     1.6          1.5        54.1      66.1      65.7  
    Gasoline ................:     0.5          0.5        61.4      71.8      70.8  
    LP gas ..................:     0.4          0.4        69.6      79.1      84.4  
  Supplies and repairs ......:     4.4          4.6       108.3     111.2     111.9  
    Supplies ................:     1.5          1.6       107.8     111.3     111.7  
    Repairs .................:     2.9          3.0       108.5     111.2     112.0  
  Autos and trucks ..........:     1.2          1.3       105.6     105.7     105.6  
    Autos ...................:     0.1          0.2        99.6     100.0     100.0  
    Trucks ..................:     1.1          1.1       106.4     106.6     106.5  
                             :                                                       
  Machinery .................:     5.6          5.6       117.6     118.2     118.9  
    Tractors ................:     1.2          1.2       112.7     112.1     112.1  
    Self-propelled ..........:     2.3          2.3       120.3     120.6     122.1  
    Other machinery .........:     2.1          2.1       117.6     119.2     119.3  
  Building materials ........:     3.9          4.0       110.3     117.5     117.3  
  Services ..................:    11.5         12.1       113.2     114.9     115.1  
    Custom rates ............:     1.2          1.3       114.3     113.3     113.3  
    Other services ..........:    10.3         10.8       113.1     115.0     115.3  
  Rent ......................:     7.9          7.9       123.8     119.5     119.5  
    Cash ....................:     4.3          4.2       130.4     126.1     126.1  
    Share ...................:     3.6          3.7       116.1     111.8     111.8  
                             :                                                       
Interest ....................:     2.2          2.4       112.2     118.7     118.7  
Taxes .......................:     3.2          3.3       116.3     117.1     117.1  
Wage rates ..................:     6.5          7.1       118.2     122.6     122.6  
Family living-CPI ...........:    13.2         13.7       108.8     112.0     112.1  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Feed Price Ratios - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Feed price ratio 1/                  :  July 2017   :  June 2018   :  July 2018   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       :                                            
Broiler-feed: pounds of broiler grower feed equal      :                                            
  in value to 1 pound of broiler, live weight 2/ ......:      6.1            7.0            6.7     
                                                       :                                            
Market egg feed: pounds of laying feed equal in        :                                            
  value to 1 dozen eggs 3/ ............................:      6.9            9.3           10.6     
                                                       :                                            
Hog-corn: bushels of corn equal in value to            :                                            
  100 pounds of hog, live weight ......................:     19.3           16.5           16.9     
                                                       :                                            
Milk-feed: pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal        :                                            
  in value to 1 pound of whole milk 4/ ................:     2.27           1.98           1.91     
                                                       :                                            
Steer & heifer-corn: bushels of corn equal             :                                            
  in value to 100 pounds of steer & heifers,           :                                            
    live weight .......................................:     34.7           31.6           32.3     
                                                       :                                            
Turkey-feed: pounds of turkey grower equal in          :                                            
  value to 1 pound of turkey, live weight 5/ ..........:      7.3            5.3            5.7     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Effective January 1995, prices of commercial prepared feeds are based on current United States   
   prices received for corn, soybeans, alfalfa hay, and all wheat.                                  
2/ The price of commercial prepared broiler feed is based on current United States prices received  
   for corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 58 percent corn and 42 percent soybeans.            
3/ The price of commercial prepared layer feed is based on current United States prices received for
   corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 75 percent corn and 25 percent soybeans.                
4/ The price of commercial prepared dairy feed is based on current United States prices received for
   corn, soybeans, and alfalfa. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 8 percent soybeans, and 41   
   percent alfalfa.                                                                                 
5/ The price of commercial prepared turkey feed is based on current United States prices received   
   for corn, soybeans, and wheat. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 28 percent soybeans, and 21
   percent wheat.                                                                                   

Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States:
July 2018 with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock and poultry commodities is United States
Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Marketing Service]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item                :  July 2017   :  June 2018   :  July 2018   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  dollars                   
                                    :                                            
Broilers, live ................pound:     0.620          0.730          0.670    
Eggs, market ..................dozen:     0.591          0.818          0.894    
                                    :                                            
Hogs, all .......................cwt:     67.30          59.10          58.60    
Milk, all .......................cwt:     17.20          16.30          15.40    
                                    :                                            
Steers and heifers ..............cwt:    121.00         113.00         112.00    
Turkeys, live .................pound:     0.678          0.508          0.519    
                                    :                                            
Corn .........................bushel:      3.49           3.58           3.47    
Hay, alfalfa ....................ton:    153.00         181.00         179.00    
                                    :                                            
Soybeans .....................bushel:      9.42           9.55           9.10    
Wheat, all ...................bushel:      4.77           5.17           5.00    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: July 2018 with Comparisons
[Price data source is United States Department of Agriculture's Agriculture
Marketing Service]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item                :  July 2017   :  June 2018   :  July 2018   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  dollars                   
                                    :                                            
Feeder cattle & calves ..........cwt:    149.00         144.00         146.00    
Feeder pigs .....................cwt:    127.00         102.00          67.00    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates

Definition: Prices paid by farmers represent the average costs of inputs 
purchased by farmers and ranchers to produce agricultural commodities. 
Conceptually, the average price when multiplied by quantity purchased should 
equal total producer expenditures for the item. 

Survey procedures: The prices paid data are obtained from establishments that 
sell goods and services to farmers and ranchers. Annually, about 8,500 firms 
are randomly selected from lists by type of item sold with an average 
response rate in the range of 75-80 percent. Firms are asked to report the 
price for the specified item "most commonly bought by farmers" or that was 
the "volume seller". Approximately 135 items are surveyed each March to 
represent all production input items purchased. The survey reference period 
for most items is the five business days centered at the 15th of the month. 
Separate prices paid surveys are conducted for agricultural chemicals, fuels, 
feed, fertilizer, machinery, and seed.

Summary and estimation procedures: The annual March Prices Paid Survey is 
summarized as a non-probability survey. Average prices reported are 
aggregated to the region and United States level using weights available from 
expenditure data and other administrative sources. Price recommendations are 
prepared by the Regional Field Offices and Headquarters for review by the 
Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. Also, the change in price 
level for individual items surveyed are combined to the regional and United 
States levels, and are published as prices paid indexes referenced to a 
specific base period. Prices paid indexes for new autos and trucks, building 
materials, farm supplies, motor supplies, and marketing containers are 
updated based on price changes measured in selected Bureau of Labor 
Statistics (BLS) indexes.

Revisions: Any revisions are published in the monthly and in annual issues of 
Agricultural Prices. The basis for revision must be supported by additional 
data that directly affect the level of the estimate. More revisions are 
likely for March when separate prices paid surveys are conducted, in lieu of 
BLS indexes, by the USDA to measure price change.

Reliability: Current methods of summarization for the March data are not 
designed directly to calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures 
approximate the United States relative sampling errors for major items around 
10 percent. Any non-sampling errors are attributed to such things as the 
inability to obtain correct information, differences in interpreting 
questions or definitions, mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. 
Efforts are made at each step in the survey process to minimize these non-
sampling errors. 

Program change: Effective January 2014, the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service modified the five-year moving weights and updated the base reference 
period. In January 2015, publication of preliminary prices was suspended, and 
the annual average index was replaced by an annual index.

As of January 2014, the 1990-1992 base reference period was updated to 2011. 
Five-year moving average weights are adjusted (normalized) to minimize the 
effects of price changes. The 1910-1914=100 price indexes, required by 
statute for computing parity prices, were linked forward based on the changes 
in the new 2011=100 indexes. The new indexes were constructed by multiplying 
the ratios of the current prices to the base period prices by the moving 
average weights.

Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and 
replaced the annual average index with an annual index.

The April 2015 program update discontinued publication of the annual March 
survey prices paid data.

The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period 
indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. The 1910-1914 base period indexes 
remain rounded to the nearest whole number.

See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details. 

Information Contacts

General

Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch.................................. (202) 720-6146

Crop Prices Received

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch ........................................................................ (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section............................................................. (202) 720-2127
  Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.......................................................... (202) 720-9526
  James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................................................................. (202) 690-8533
  Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans.......................................................................... (202) 690-3234
  Jannety Mosley - Barley, Crop Weather.................................................................. (202) 720-7621
  Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................................................................. (202) 720-7688
  Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat............................................................................... (202) 720-8068
  Bianca Pruneda - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum...................................................... (202) 720-5944
  Travis Thorson - Canola, Mustard Seed, Rapeseed, Safflower, Sunflower.................................. (202) 720-7369

Jorge Garcia-Pratts, Head, Fruits, Vegetables, and Special Crops Section................................. (202) 720-2127
  Vincent Davis - Apricots, Bananas, Cherries, Garlic, Lettuce, Mint, Papaya, Pears, Strawberries,
    Tomatoes ............................................................................................ (202) 720-2157
  Fleming Gibson - Avocados, Cauliflower, Celery, Citrus, Coffee, Dates, Figs, Kiwifruit,
    Nectarines, Olives, Green Peas, Taro, Watermelons ................................................... (202) 720-5412
  Greg Lemmons - Blackberries, Blueberries, Boysenberries, Cranberries, Cucumbers, Potatoes,
    Pumpkins, Raspberries, Squash, Sugar Beets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes ............................... (202) 720-4285
  Dan Norris - Artichokes, Austrian Winter Peas, Cantaloupes, Dry Beans, Dry Edible Peas,
    Honeydews, Lentils, Mushrooms, Peaches, Snap Beans................................................... (202) 720-3250
  Daphne Schauber - Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chile Peppers, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops,
    Maple Syrup, Tree Nuts, Spinach...................................................................... (202) 720-4215
  Chris Singh - Apples, Asparagus, Carrots, Lima Beans, Onions, Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, 
    Tobacco.............................................................................................. (202) 720-4288

Livestock Prices Received

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch.................................................................. (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section.................................................................... (202) 720-3570
  Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats........................................................................ (202) 720-3570
  Heidi Gleich - Cattle and Cattle on Feed............................................................... (202) 720-3040
  Mike Miller - Milk, Milk Cows.......................................................................... (202) 720-3278
  Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs........................................................................... (202) 720-3106
   
Tony Dorn, Head, Poultry and Specialty Commodities Section............................................... (202) 690-3223
  Fatema Haque - Broilers................................................................................ (202) 720-3244
  Kim Linonis - Eggs..................................................................................... (202) 690-3676
  Adam Peters - Turkeys.................................................................................. (202) 690-3237
  Erica Sadler - Honey................................................................................... (202) 720-6147
  
Indexes, Prices Paid, and Parity Prices

Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch.................................. (202) 720-6146

Bruce Boess, Head, Economics Section..................................................................... (202) 720-4447
  Daryl Brinkman - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices................................................ (202) 720-8844
  Kuan Chen - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices, Prices Paid Indexes, Prices Paid for Feed, 
    Fertilizer, Chemicals, Seeds, Fuels, Farm Supplies and Repairs, Farm Machinery, Feeder Livestock, 
    Poultry Chicks, Feed Price Ratios.................................................................... (202) 690-3347
  Ryan Cowen - Cash Rents, Grazing Fees, Land Values, Farms and Land in Farms............................ (202) 690-3231

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@nass.usda.gov. 

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov. 

Price Program Links

Economics and Prices 
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_Subject/Economics_and_Prices/index.php

January 2014 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updates.pdf

January 2015 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/update2015.pdf

April 2015 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateApr2015.p
df

February 2016 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateFeb2016.p
df