Nebraska/Iowa Weekly Hay Summary (Fri)
Kearney, NE    Thu Aug 22, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending Aug 23, 2019

  Compared to last week all reported forages sold steady. Demand was 
light with a load here and there getting sold. Most contacts said this is 
a tough time to sell hay as many are gearing up to chop silage, bale fall 
forages and are not concerned about filling dry hay needs at this time. 
Several loads of hay have been ear marked sold but soggy, wet ground in 
several areas have made it impossible to load and haul hay. Some areas of 
the state from west to east have received rain this week with some hail 
that has completely wiped out crops and grass in its path. Some areas of 
Northeastern part of the state remains fairly dry and could use a good 
general rain. Some producers have baled more rounds than normal this 
summer knowing the hay will not keep in a large square bale. So, less 
than normal amounts of large squares may be available for out of state 
shipment. Most cuttings of alfalfa are behind a �normal� year. High 
humidity continues to plaque most of the state as it takes a long time 
for hay to dry down to be baled. Several reports that RFV test are lower 
than normal from the excess time it has laid on the field. Note: �All 
sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless otherwise 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 150.00-160.00; Fair large squares 140.00; 
Good large rounds 90.00-95.00. Prairie Hay: Premium large rounds 125.00; 
Good large rounds 100.00-110.00; Fair large rounds 105.00. Premium small 
squares 165.00-170.00. Brome mix hay: Good large rounds 90.00-100.00.  
Straw large rounds 55.00-60.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 320.00. 
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 110.00. Oat hay in large round bales 80.00.  
Ground and delivered alfalfa 140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa-
stubble mix 125.00-135.00. Oat/cane mix ground and delivered 115.00. 
Ground and delivered corn stalks 100.00-110.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 
percent protein 270.00-275.00. 

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 140.00-160.00. Straw large squares 65.00-
70.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 153.00-158.00.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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